1. Are you working with compact linear operators?
2. By "finiteness of ", do you mean that the cardinality of the set is finite, or that the set is bounded in the complex plane?
I'm going through the proof of the fact, that given a compact operator on a Banach space its spectrum is at most countable and 0 as the only possible accumulation point (which may or may not belong to the spectrum).
The reading has been fairly easy so far, but at the moment I'm somehow stuck at one step, namely:
The overall objective is to show that all points are isolated.
Let and be the restriction of to
There is a moment when it is evident that we need finiteness of .
So they argue that this follows from the fact, that is finite-dimensional.
I can't see at the moment how exactly it follows.
Does anybody have an idea?
I think I should mention that is chosen so that:
with , where .
Thanks in advance,
Suppose for a second that we are dealing with Then the null space in question is the space of eigenvectors corresponding to nonzero eigenvalues, correct? Suppose you had an infinite set of nonzero eigenvalues. Well, then it is a fact that eigenvectors corresponding to different eigenvalues are linearly independent. Therefore, in order to span the eigenspace, you'd have to have infinitely many eigenvectors, contradicting the finiteness of the dimension of the null space.
I think this idea will work for you, though you'll have to adapt it to take into account the mth power of your operator.