Convex compact sets
Given a Euclidean n-space, take any compact convex set in that space, with a distinguished point in its interior. Let be any positive real, and let be the result of scaling as centered on by the factor . I would have thought that must be compact and convex as well. However, I didn't manage prove this. Is there any easy proof for this?
I don't think that it is necessary for P to be an interior point of S to prove it.
Originally Posted by Richard
First, compactness: if S' has an open cover, then the inversely scaled cover is an open cover of S, hence has a finite subcover for S, and the scaled version of this is a finite subcover of the original open cover of S'.
Second, convexity: the inverse scaling of two points of S', say, are two points of S. If S is convex, then the entire line segment between these inversely scaled points must be in S, and therefore the scaled version of that line segment must be in S'. So to really show this in detail, you need to show that the scaled segment between and is identical to the line segment between and .