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Math Help - Topology homeomoprhisms?

  1. #1
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    Topology homeomoprhisms?

    Hi!

    I need help showing that the circle S^1 is not homeomorphic to the product S^1xS^1 and, also, that it is not homeomorphic to the wedge S^1vS^1. I am not sure how to show that something is NOT a homeomorphism. Thank you!
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by ilana456 View Post
    Hi!

    I need help showing that the circle S^1 is not homeomorphic to the product S^1xS^1 and, also, that it is not homeomorphic to the wedge S^1vS^1. I am not sure how to show that something is NOT a homeomorphism. Thank you!
    If you find some topological invariants hold for one space but not for the other, then two space cannot be homeomorphic. Fundamental groups and homology groups are also topological invariants, so two spaces that are homeomorphic have fundamental groups that are isomorphic.

    The fundamental groups of the spaces in your question are

    \pi_1(S^1) = \mathbb{Z},
    \pi_1(S^1 \times S^1) = \mathbb{Z} \times \mathbb{Z},
    \pi_1(S^1 \vee S^1) = \mathbb{Z} * \mathbb{Z} (Note that "*" is a free product, not a direct product " \times". You can find the fundamental group of this space using Van-Kampen's theorem).

    The spaces in your question cannot be homeomorphic to each other because their fundamental groups are not isomorphic to each other.
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  3. #3
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    Thank you for your help!
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