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Math Help - Hahn-Banach Theorem

  1. #1
    Junior Member
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    Hahn-Banach Theorem

    Let M be a subspace of the normed vector space X, let x lie in X, and let d(x,M)=inf{norm)(x+y); y in M}.

    Prove the following results:

    i) For all elements f in the Banach dual space X' of X such that norm of f on X' ≤ 1, and f/m (f restricted to m) = 0, and, for all elements y in M,

    (mod)f(x)
    ≤ norm(x+y)

    ii) By considering a linear functional on the subspace lin ( M
    union {x}), or otherwise, use the Hahn-Banach Theorem to prove that

    d(x,M)= sup { f(x): f in X', norm f on X'
    ≤ 1, f/m =0}

    and to show that there exists such an element fo for which fo(x)=d(x,M).

    iii) Deduce that M is dense in X if and only if the only element f in X' for which f/m=0 is itself 0
    .

    Many thanks.
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  2. #2
    Senior Member Shanks's Avatar
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    (1)Since |f|\leq1, and f=0 if restricted to M, then
    |f(x)|=|f(x+y)|\leq|x+y| for all y in M.
    (2)By (1), we have d(x,M) is greater or equal to sup { f(x): f in X', norm f on X' ≤ 1, f/m =0},
    By Hahn-Banach Theorem, there is f satisfies the required condition,
    thus the conclusion is proved.
    (3)if M is dense in X, then for any element x in X, there is sequence in M converge to the element, since f in X' is continous, thus f(x)=0, for any x in X.
    and the "only if" part can be easily proved by Arguement combined with Hahn-Banach Theorem which leads to contradiction.

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