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Math Help - norm question..

  1. #1
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    norm question..

    i cant understnad why they put absolute value sign there
    why they put the complement sign above some coefficient
    <ae_1+be_2,ae_1+be_2>= \left | a \right |^2<e_1,e+1>+a\bar{b}<e_1,e_2>+b\bar{a}<e_2,e_1>+\  left | b \right |^2<e_2,e_2>\\

    i whould do it like this
    <ae_1+be_2,ae_1+be_2>=<ae_1,ae_1+be_2>+<be_2,ae_1+  be_2>= a^2<e_1,e_1>+ab<e_1,e_2> etc..
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by transgalactic View Post
    i cant understnad why they put absolute value sign there
    why they put the complement sign above some coefficient
    <ae_1+be_2,ae_1+be_2>= \left | a \right |^2<e_1,e+1>+a\bar{b}<e_1,e_2>+b\bar{a}<e_2,e_1>+\  left | b \right |^2<e_2,e_2>\\

    i whould do it like this
    <ae_1+be_2,ae_1+be_2>=<ae_1,ae_1+be_2>+<be_2,ae_1+  be_2>= a^2<e_1,e_1>+ab<e_1,e_2> etc..
    Not "complement", "complex conjugate". The definition of an inner product on a vector space over the complex numbers requires that <u, v>= \overline{<v, u>}. To take a simple example, if u= (a+bi, c+di) is a vector in C^2, pairs of complex numbers, and v= (e+fi,g+hi) is another, then the inner product on C^2 is (a+bi)(\overline{e+fi})+ (c+di)(\overline{g+hi}) = (a+bi)(e-fi)+ (c+di)(g-hi). Inner products on vector spaces over the complex numbers are defined that way to guarentee that the norm, ||v||= \sqrt{<v, v>} will be a positive real number. If, for example, v= (i, i) and we do NOT require the complex conjugate, we would have <v, v>= i(i)+ i(i)= -1 and then ||v||= \sqrt{-2}= i\sqrt{2}. That's a problem since we want to use norm to "compare" the size of vectors and the complex numbers is not an ordered field. Even worse, if v= (1, i) then <v, v>= 1(1)+ i(i)= 1-1= 0 so ||v||= 0 even though v is not the 0 vector.

    Using the correct inner product, if v= (i, i) then [tex]<v, v>= i(-i)+ i(-i)= 1+ 1= 2[tex] and ||v||= \sqrt{2}. And if v= (1, i), <v, v>= 1(1)+ i(-i)= 1+ 1= 2 and ||v||= \sqrt{2}.
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