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Math Help - Proof of Lemma on Polynomials

  1. #1
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    Reykjanesbær
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    Proof of Lemma on Polynomials

    There is a Lemma in my textbook that states,

    If P(h) is a polynomial of degree <= k, that vanishes to order > k as h -> 0 [i.e. P(h)/|h|^k -> 0], then P === 0 (=== is a triple equals sign)

    -----

    I don't quite understand what P===0 means. I know that the === represents congruence used in modular arithmetic. However, how is this applicable here?

    Also, I don't understand how P(h)/|h|^k -> 0 implies that polynomial of degree <= k vanishes to order > k. From this statement, it seems like P vanishes to order equal to k.

    Basically, what does this Lemma even mean?
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  2. #2
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    If P \in F[x] (where F= \mathbb{R} or \mathbb{C} ) P(x)= \sum_{j=0} ^{k} \ a_jx^j and \frac{P(x)}{x^k} = \sum_{j=0} ^{k} \ a_jx^{j-k} and so for every i<k the term x^{i-k} \rightarrow \infty as x \rightarrow 0 (assuming a_i \neq 0) and so for all i<k a_i=0, and so 0= \frac{P(x)}{x^k} = a_k and so  P \equiv 0 (this means P is identically zero). Now try induction on the number of variables.
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