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Math Help - strange diff eqn

  1. #1
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    strange diff eqn

    I have no idea how to do this... and given y(1)=1

    (xy+y2)*dy/dx=y2+xy+x2
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  2. #2
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    Hello, fiksi!

    (xy+y^2)\,\frac{dy}{dx} \:=\:y^2+xy+x^2,\quad y(1) = 1
    It's homogeneous . . .

    We have: . \frac{dy}{dx} \;=\;\frac{y^2+xy + x^2}{xy + y^2}

    Divide top and bottom by x^2\!:\;\;\frac{dy}{dx} \;=\; \frac{\left(\frac{y}{x}\right)^2 +\frac{y}{x} + 1} { \frac{y}{x} + \left(\frac{y}{x}\right)^2}

    Let: v \,=\,\frac{y}{x} \quad\Rightarrow\quad y \,=\,vx \quad\Rightarrow\quad \frac{dy}{dx}\:=\:v + x\,\frac{dv}{dx}

    Substitute: . v + x\,\frac{dv}{dx} \;=\;\frac{v^2+v+1}{v+v^2}

    . . . . x\,\frac{dv}{dx} \:=\:\frac{v^2+v+1}{v+v^2} - v \quad\Rightarrow\quad x\,\frac{dv}{dx}\;=\;\frac{1+v-v^3}{v+v^2}

    Separate variables: . \frac{v+v^2}{1+v-v^3}\,dv \;=\;\frac{dx}{x}


    Now "all we have to do" is integrate: . \int\frac{v+v^2}{1+v-v^3}\,dv \;=\;\int\frac{dx}{x}

    . . back-substitute, and use that initial value.


    But I'm having difficulty with that v-integral.
    .
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  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by Soroban View Post
    Hello, fiksi!


    But I'm having difficulty with that v-integral.
    .
    Thx very much... and I know why integral is impossible to do- they said today we should change in LHS in bracket x2 instead of y2. Thus we have (xy+x2) times all that etc. I guess it would be possible to do it now...
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