1. ## Differential Equations

1.Obtain the solution to the differential equation

dy/dx=(1+y^2)/(1+x^2)

2. The first order differential equation

dy/dx-xy=x

has the solution y= ?

These are both separable.
1) $\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1 + y^2}{1 + x^2} \rightarrow \frac{dy}{1 + y^2} = \frac{dx}{1 + x^2}$

2) $\frac{dy}{dx} - xy = x \rightarrow \frac{dy}{dx} = x(1+y) \rightarrow \frac{dy}{1 + y} = x dx$

Someone kindly finish up for me..I kind of confused at this stage.

2. Originally Posted by KayPee
1.Obtain the solution to the differential equation

dy/dx=(1+y^2)/(1+x^2)

2. The first order differential equation

dy/dx-xy=x

has the solution y= ?

These are both separable.
1) $\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1 + y^2}{1 + x^2} \rightarrow \frac{dy}{1 + y^2} = \frac{dx}{1 + x^2}$

2) $\frac{dy}{dx} - xy = x \rightarrow \frac{dy}{dx} = x(1+y) \rightarrow \frac{dy}{1 + y} = x dx$

Someone kindly finish up for me..I kind of confused at this stage.

1) $\frac{dy}{1+y^2} = \frac{dx}{1+x^2}$

$\int \frac{dx}{x^2+a^2} = \frac{1}{a} \arctan{\frac{x}{a}} +C$

2) $\int \frac{dy}{1+y} = \ln{|1+y|}+C$

Originally Posted by Mush
1) $\frac{dy}{1+y^2} = \frac{dx}{1+x^2}$

$\int \frac{dx}{x^2+a^2} = \frac{1}{a} \arctan{\frac{x}{a}} +C$

2) $\int \frac{dy}{1+y} = \ln{|1+y|}+C$

I would appreciate it if I could have the final answer.

I'm not getting it besides.I'm not used to the Latex

4. Originally Posted by KayPee
1.Obtain the solution to the differential equation

dy/dx=(1+y^2)/(1+x^2)

2. The first order differential equation

dy/dx-xy=x

has the solution y= ?

These are both separable.
1) $\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1 + y^2}{1 + x^2} \rightarrow \frac{dy}{1 + y^2} = \frac{dx}{1 + x^2}$

2) $\frac{dy}{dx} - xy = x \rightarrow \frac{dy}{dx} = x(1+y) \rightarrow \frac{dy}{1 + y} = x dx$

Someone kindly finish up for me..I kind of confused at this stage.
You've been given the solution already, but I'll go step by step...

1. $\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1 + y^2}{1 + x^2}$

$\frac{1}{1 + y^2}\,\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{1 + x^2}$

$\int{\frac{1}{1 + y^2}\,\frac{dy}{dx}\,dx} = \int{\frac{1}{1 + x^2}\,dx}$

$\int{\frac{1}{1 + y^2}\,dy}= \int{\frac{1}{1 + x^2}\,dx}$

$\arctan{y} + C_1 = \arctan{x} + C_2$

$\arctan{y} = \arctan{x} + C$.

2. $\frac{dy}{dx} - xy = x$

$\frac{dy}{dx} = xy + x$

$\frac{dy}{dx} = x(y + 1)$

$\frac{1}{y + 1}\,\frac{dy}{dx} = x$

$\int{\frac{1}{y + 1}\,\frac{dy}{dx}\,dx} = \int{x\,dx}$

$\int{\frac{1}{y + 1}\,dy} = \int{x\,dx}$

$\ln{|y + 1|} + C_1 = \frac{1}{2}x^2 + C_2$

$\ln{|y + 1|} = \frac{1}{2}x^2 + C$

$|y + 1| = e^{\frac{1}{2}x^2 + C}$

$|y + 1| = e^C e^{\frac{1}{2}x^2}$

$y + 1 = \pm e^C e^{\frac{1}{2}x^2}$

$y + 1 = Ae^{\frac{1}{2}x^2}$

$y = Ae^{\frac{1}{2}x^2} - 1$.

5. Originally Posted by Prove It
You've been given the solution already, but I'll go step by step...

1. $\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1 + y^2}{1 + x^2}$

$\frac{1}{1 + y^2}\,\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{1 + x^2}$

$\int{\frac{1}{1 + y^2}\,\frac{dy}{dx}\,dx} = \int{\frac{1}{1 + x^2}\,dx}$

$\int{\frac{1}{1 + y^2}\,dy}= \int{\frac{1}{1 + x^2}\,dx}$

$\arctan{y} + C_1 = \arctan{x} + C_2$

$\arctan{y} = \arctan{x} + C$.

2. $\frac{dy}{dx} - xy = x$

$\frac{dy}{dx} = xy + x$

$\frac{dy}{dx} = x(y + 1)$

$\frac{1}{y + 1}\,\frac{dy}{dx} = x$

$\int{\frac{1}{y + 1}\,\frac{dy}{dx}\,dx} = \int{x\,dx}$

$\int{\frac{1}{y + 1}\,dy} = \int{x\,dx}$

$\ln{|y + 1|} + C_1 = \frac{1}{2}x^2 + C_2$

$\ln{|y + 1|} = \frac{1}{2}x^2 + C$

$|y + 1| = e^{\frac{1}{2}x^2 + C}$

$|y + 1| = e^C e^{\frac{1}{2}x^2}$

$y + 1 = \pm e^C e^{\frac{1}{2}x^2}$

$y + 1 = Ae^{\frac{1}{2}x^2}$

$y = Ae^{\frac{1}{2}x^2} - 1$.
You missed a step (lol! Nice job with the latex, by the way).

To the OP:

1. Now, the least you can do in return is to confirm these solutions by substitution.

2. The solution given to you for the first question can be expressed in a simpler form .....

6. Originally Posted by mr fantastic
You missed a step (lol! Nice job with the latex, by the way).

To the OP:

1. Now, the least you can do in return is to confirm these solutions by substitution.

2. The solution given to you for the first question can be expressed in a simpler form .....
I can't be bothered trying to get the first one to read $y = \dots$ because otherwise I'll be trying to find the most elegant way for it to read hahahaha.