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Math Help - ???homogenous, partial! don't know teachers a joke!

  1. #1
    Member i_zz_y_ill's Avatar
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    ???homogenous, partial! don't know teachers a joke!

    mg - k(dx/dt)^1 = m(d^2x/dt2) x=displacement initial condition
    t=time x(o)=0
    m=mass dx/dt=0 i.e x'(o)=0
    g=gravity
    object(particle) falls from statonary position, only resistance is air resistance(unknown) . Was told i can 'solve this second order D.E three ways
    1. using an integrating factor,standard form.
    2.homogenously? auxiliary equation, complementary function assumption of some kind of y=Ae^(b(1)x) + Ce^(b(2)x) depending on roots of a.e.
    3. re-arrange into a function v(t) = v then into t(v) = t and you'll get there!

    this is where im supposed to get x= (gm^2/k^2)e^(-kt/m) - gm^2/k^2 + gmt/k which gives in the end
    x=gm/k((m/k)e^(-kt/m)-(m/k) + t)

    So i've had practice with all three methods, and my teacher can't be bothered to explain because everybody else got it. Having got it the first time then lost my notes and some genius in class showed me impossible way of doing it! if someone could spare time thnx!
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  2. #2
    Behold, the power of SARDINES!
    TheEmptySet's Avatar
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    mg-k\frac{dx}{dt}=m\frac{d^2x}{dt^2}

    try the substitution \frac{dx}{dt}=v \mbox{ and } \frac{d^2x}{dt^2}=\frac{dv}{dt}

    so we get

    mg-kv=m\frac{dv}{dt} \iff \frac{dv}{dt}+\frac{k}{m}v=g

    This can be solved by using an integrating factor.

    see how it goes from here
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