Could someone please help me with this problem. It is related to chemical reactions but the behaviour can be described by differential equations. I've simplified the model to the equations you see below.
Lets say there are have two reactions which can be described by the equations:
1: dy/dt = -a*y
2: dy/dt = -b*y
where a and b are constants.
1: y(t) = y(0) * exp(-a*t)
2: y(t) = y(0) * exp(-b*t)
Now we perform an experiment where both systems are present so the observed behaviour can be described by:
3: dy/dt = -a*y -b*y
3: y(t) = y(0) * exp(-(a + b)*t)
Now what I want to know is the following:
After the experiment I obtain results described by 3. I know the background reaction is described by 2. However I am only interested in the exact results of reaction 1. How can I extract the exact information of 1 out of 3 as if 2 was never present. In othe words I need to correct 3 to obtain the actual behaviour I'm interested in.
I thought it would be simple substraction/addition for instance in the simplest approach one could say to just 'correct' reaction 3 like:
4: dy/dt = -a*y - b*y + b*y
however this equation (when plotted) does not produce the same outcome as 1 because it does not account for the change in y caused by reaction 2.
So it looks like that: dy/dt = -a*y - b*y + b*y is not the same as dy/dt = -a*y
And that is where my mathematical knowledge ends