# Analytical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation

• Aug 7th 2012, 06:39 AM
NFS1
Analytical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation
Ive had a few attempts at trying to answer this question but have been unsuccessful. Can anyone guide me through the answer so I know how to do it.

Differential Equation ---> y'=(2/x)y+(x^2)(e^x)

Show that the analytical solution is given by ---> y(x) = x^2(e^x - e)
• Aug 7th 2012, 06:56 AM
JohnDMalcolm
Re: Analytical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation
The question just asks to verify the given solution. Use this solution in the left- and right-hand sides of your differential equation and show that they are equal.
• Aug 7th 2012, 07:08 AM
Prove It
Re: Analytical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation
Quote:

Originally Posted by NFS1
Ive had a few attempts at trying to answer this question but have been unsuccessful. Can anyone guide me through the answer so I know how to do it.

Differential Equation ---> y'=(2/x)y+(x^2)(e^x)

Show that the analytical solution is given by ---> y(x) = x^2(e^x - e)

If you are going to solve the DE

\displaystyle \displaystyle \begin{align*} \frac{dy}{dx} &= \left(\frac{2}{x}\right)y + x^2e^x \\ \frac{dy}{dx} - \left(\frac{2}{x}\right)y &= x^2e^x \end{align*}

Now multiplying both sides by the Integrating Factor \displaystyle \displaystyle \begin{align*} e^{\int{-\frac{2}{x}\,dx}} = e^{-2\ln{x}} = e^{\ln{\left(x^{-2}\right)}} = x^{-2} \end{align*} gives

\displaystyle \displaystyle \begin{align*} x^{-2}\,\frac{dy}{dx} - 2x^{-3}y &= e^x \\ \frac{d}{dx}\left(x^{-2}y\right) &= e^x \\ x^{-2}y &= \int{e^x\,dx} \\ x^{-2}y &= e^x + C \\ y &= x^2\left(e^x + C\right) \end{align*}

Obviously C = e is a possibility.
• Aug 7th 2012, 08:03 AM
HallsofIvy
Re: Analytical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation
NFS1, do you understand that, as John D Malcolm said, this problem does NOT ask you to find the general solution? In this case it is fairly straightforward to solve, as Prove It showed, but you might have equations in the future that are much harder or impossible to solve in general- but it is easy to show that a given function satisfies the equation.
• Aug 7th 2012, 08:08 AM
NFS1
Re: Analytical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation
Differential equation ----> xy'' + y' = x^2 can be written as d/dx(xy')=x^2 find analytical solution

So using steps Prove It has shown

> xy'=int(x^2)dx
> xy'=(x^3)/3
> y'=(x^2)/3
> y = (x^3)/9 as the analytical solution??
• Aug 7th 2012, 09:04 AM
NFS1
Re: Analytical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation
As HallsofIvy and JohnD have said

> y=(x^3)/9
> y'=(x^2)/3
> y''=2x/3

substituting these into left and right hand side

>(2x^2)/3 + (x^2)/3 = x^2
>(3x^2)/3 = x^2
> x^2 = x^2

so they both equal and therefore my analytical solution is y=(x^3)/9 correct?
• Aug 7th 2012, 03:23 PM
Prove It
Re: Analytical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation
Quote:

Originally Posted by NFS1
Differential equation ----> xy'' + y' = x^2 can be written as d/dx(xy')=x^2 find analytical solution

So using steps Prove It has shown

> xy'=int(x^2)dx
> xy'=(x^3)/3
> y'=(x^2)/3
> y = (x^3)/9 as the analytical solution??