(x^2) ( d^2/dx^2) + 3x(dy/dx) + y = 1/x
how can i find the general solution of differential equation?
It's a Cauchy-Euler equation. Use that procedure.
We don't "solve things" for you. I would suggest either assuming a solution that looks like the RHS, or, if you choose the exponential approach (thus producing a linear DE with constant coefficients), the choice of a particular solution might be more obvious. Try those, and post your work, and we can go from there.
Just to add my 2 cents. If you can solve the homogenous equation (Ackbeet told you how) you can find the particular solution by using the variation of parameters.
Variation of parameters - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This method does not involve guessing but you may end up with integrals in your solution, but that wont be the case in this particular problem.
Thats interesting. I see what you have done but how does one reduce it to a first order? I havent seen this before to the best of my poor memory :-) Anyhow, I attempted it doing it the hard way by guessing the PI. I dont think it works out....
Putting back into the original DE, I arrive at
Is this right?
Not paying attention to the fact that you tried my suggestion, apparently.
Yeah, so that particular solution doesn't work, does it? You've got 0 = 1/x, a contradiction. Apparently, we need to change the ansatz. Note that the complimentary solution actually contains 1/x in it already, and by variation of parameters, you can find out that the complimentary solution also contains ln(x) / x. The next step with Cauchy-Euler equations is the (ln(x))^2 / x solution, so try a constant times that.