# System of two 4th order diff equations

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• Apr 5th 2011, 07:10 AM
derdack
System of two 4th order diff equations
Some ideas for particular solutions? How to make two Wronskian?

a1*x''''[t] + b1*x''[t] + c1*y''''[t] + d1*y''[t] + e1*y[t] == f1[t],
a2*y''''[t] + b2*y''[t] + c2*x''''[t] + d2*x''[t] + e2*x[t] == f2[t],

All constants are known: a1, b1,...

• Apr 5th 2011, 08:33 AM
TheEmptySet
Quote:

Originally Posted by derdack
Some ideas for particular solutions? How to make two Wronskian?

a1*x''''[t] + b1*x''[t] + c1*y''''[t] + d1*y''[t] + e1*y[t] == f1[t],
a2*y''''[t] + b2*y''[t] + c2*x''''[t] + d2*x''[t] + e2*x[t] == f2[t],

All constants are known: a1, b1,...

First you need to use algebra so isolate the highest order derivatives of $\displaystyle x$ and y.

This gives

$\displaystyle \displaystyle x^{(4)}=-\frac{(a_2+b_2)}{c_2}y''-\frac{e_2}{c_2}x-\frac{d_2}{c_2}x''+\frac{f_2}{c_2}$

and

$\displaystyle \displaystyle y^{(4)}=\frac{a_1e_2}{c_1c_2}x-\frac{a_1d_2-b_2c_2}{c_1c_2}x''- \frac{e_1}{c_1}y + \frac{a_1a_2+a_1b_2-d_1c_2}{c_1c_2}y''+\frac{c_2f_1-a_1f_2}{c_1c_2}$

Now use the substitutions

$\displaystyle \displaystyle x'=x_1,x''=x_2,x'''=x_3,\frac{dx_3}{dt}=x^{(4)}$ and
$\displaystyle \displaystyle y'=y_1,y''=y_2,y'''=y_3,\frac{dy_3}{dt}=y^{(4)}$

Now you can decompose this into a system of 8 1st order linear differential equations and use matrix methods to solve
• Apr 5th 2011, 08:47 AM
derdack
I will try. Thank you a lot!!! If I can not find solutions, help will need.
• Apr 5th 2011, 09:41 AM
derdack
In first line it should be (-a2/c2)*y'''' then we will get y4 = ((-a1 b2 + c2 d1) y'')/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) + (c2 e1 y)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) + ((b1 c2 - a1 d2) x'')/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) - (a1 e2 x)/(a1 a2 -c1 c2) + (a1 f2)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2). How further? We can use substitutions and we must get 8 equations?
• Apr 5th 2011, 10:02 AM
TheEmptySet
Quote:

Originally Posted by derdack
In first line it should be (-a2/c2)*y'''' then we will get y4 = ((-a1 b2 + c2 d1) y'')/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) + (c2 e1 y)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) + ((b1 c2 - a1 d2) x'')/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) - (a1 e2 x)/(a1 a2 -c1 c2) + (a1 f2)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2). How further? We can use substitutions and we must get 8 equations?

These are the 8 equations

$\displaystyle \displaystyle x'=x_1,x''=x_2,x'''=x_3,\frac{dx_3}{dt}=x^{(4)}$ and
$\displaystyle \displaystyle y'=y_1,y''=y_2,y'''=y_3,\frac{dy_3}{dt}=y^{(4)}$

I will do a bit of the x's

1st equation $\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{dx}{dt}=x_1$
2nd equation $\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{d^2x}{dt^2}=x_2 \iff \frac{d}{dt}\left(\frac{dx}{dt} \right)=x_2 \iff \frac{d}{dt}x_1=x_2$
The last step used equation 1
3rd equation $\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{d^3x}{dt^3}=x_3 \iff \frac{d}{dt}\left(\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} \right)=x_2 \iff \frac{d}{dt}x_2=x_3$
the forth x equations comes from the algebra that I did in the first post

$\displaystyle \displaystyle x^{(4)}=\frac{dx_3}{dt}=-\frac{(a_2+b_2)}{c_2}y_2-\frac{e_2}{c_2}x_1-\frac{d_2}{c_2}x_2+\frac{f_2}{c_2}$

This is the first 4 equations, Now find the other 4 y equations in the exact same way then write the system as

$\displaystyle \mathbf{X}'=A\mathbf{X}+\mathbf{F}(t)$
• Apr 5th 2011, 10:06 AM
derdack
Great!!! Congratulations...
• Apr 6th 2011, 12:13 PM
derdack
In fourth equation when we use the substitution (e2/c2)*x1 where x1=dx/dt. x1 is not correct because it should be (e2/c2)*x in equation? What I should to put instead of x or y to make for equation? I understand that in fourth equation figure x'', y'',x and y. For x''=x2, for y''=y, but what to put for x and y without differentiation?
• Apr 6th 2011, 12:25 PM
derdack
Btw I got x'''' and y'''' after some algebra from first equations in the following form:

x'''' = (a2 f1)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) - (c1 f2)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) + ((b2 c1 - a2 e1)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) y - ((a2 d1 )/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) y'' + ((-a2 b1 + c1 e2)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) x + ((c1 d2 )/(a1 a2 - c1c2)) x''

y'''' = (c2 f1)/(-a1 a2 + c1 c2) - (a1 f2)/(-a1 a2 +c1 c2) + ((-a1 b2 + c2 e1 )/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) y -(c2 d1 )/(-a1 a2 + c1 c2)y'' + (((b1 c2 - a1 e2) )/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) x + ((a1 d2)/(-a1 a2 + c1 c2)) x''

And after that what to put in fourth and 8th diff equation (first order) instead x and y? I understand what to put instead x'' and y''. But what for x and y?
• Apr 6th 2011, 12:31 PM
TheEmptySet
Quote:

Originally Posted by derdack
but what to put for x and y without differentiation?

Yes You are correct that there is a typo in the equaiton. It should read

$\displaystyle \displaystyle x^{(4)}=\frac{dx_3}{dt}=-\frac{(a_2+b_2)}{c_2}y_2-\frac{e_2}{c_2}x-\frac{d_2}{c_2}x_2+\frac{f_2}{c_2}$

Quote:

Originally Posted by derdack
but what to put for x and y without differentiation?

You don't need to put anything they stay in the equations.

Your variables in the columns will look like

$\displaystyle \mathbf{X}=\begin{pmatrix} x \\ x_1 \\ x_2 \\x_3 \\ y \\ y_1 \\ y_2 \\ y_3\end{pmatrix}$

The matrix $\displaystyle A$ will have 8 rows and 8 columns $\displaystyle 8 \times 8$ and only the 4th and 8th rows will have more than one entry

As above this will give

$\displaystyle \mathbf{X}'=A\mathbf{X}+\mathbf{F}(t)$
• Apr 6th 2011, 12:32 PM
derdack
I will try. Ok :)
• Apr 6th 2011, 12:45 PM
derdack
We didn't get the same equations after algebra. But it is not a problem. I got following:

x'''' = (a2 f1)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) - (c1 f2)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2) + ((b2 c1 - a2 e1)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) y - ((a2 d1 )/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) y'' + ((-a2 b1 + c1 e2)/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) x + ((c1 d2 )/(a1 a2 - c1c2)) x''

y'''' = (c2 f1)/(-a1 a2 + c1 c2) - (a1 f2)/(-a1 a2 +c1 c2) + ((-a1 b2 + c2 e1 )/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) y -(c2 d1 )/(-a1 a2 + c1 c2)y'' + (((b1 c2 - a1 e2) )/(a1 a2 - c1 c2)) x + ((a1 d2)/(-a1 a2 + c1 c2)) x''

I will try to solve with this equations. You help me a lot anyway. If it is not a problem, write me the complete form of matrix equation. X'=AX+F(t). In other problem with variation constants we use wronksian. I am afraid to make a mistake in matrix equation. Thank you anyway!
• Apr 6th 2011, 01:34 PM
TheEmptySet
I put the system into Maple and it seems to have given me the same solution that you have. I should have used it in the first place!

The system should look like this

$\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{d}{dt}\begin{pmatrix} x \\ x_1 \\ x_2 \\x_3 \\ y \\ y_1 \\ y_2 \\ y_3\end{pmatrix}= \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ \frac{-c_1e_2}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2} & 0 & \frac{a_2b_1-c_1d_2}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2} & 0 &\frac{a_2e_1}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2} & 0 & \frac{a_2d_1-c_1b_2}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2} & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \\ \frac{a_1e_2}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2} & 0 & \frac{a_1d_2-c_2b_1}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2} & 0 &\frac{-c_2e_1}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2} & 0 & \frac{a_1b_2-c_2d_1}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2} & 0 \end{pmatrix}\begin{pmatrix} x \\ x_1 \\ x_2 \\x_3 \\ y \\ y_1 \\ y_2 \\ y_3\end{pmatrix}+\begin{pmatrix} 0 \\ 0 \\ 0 \\ \frac{c_1f_2-a_2f_1}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2}\\ 0 \\ 0 \\ 0 \\ \frac{c_2f_1-a_1f_2}{c_1c_2-a_1a_2}\end{pmatrix}$

Make sure that you double check this
• Apr 6th 2011, 01:57 PM
derdack
Thank you for matrix equation in complete form. That it is understandable. But from initial equations I solve the equations where x'''' and y'''' are unknown, also put in Mathematica software and got x'''' in function of (x'',x) and y'''' in function of (y'',y). Mr Set, you got from second equation x'''' where I can see (a2+b2)/c2 , but a2 multiplied y'''', and I can't see y''''. Anyway thank you a lot for matrix and everything.
• Apr 6th 2011, 02:10 PM
TheEmptySet
Quote:

Originally Posted by derdack
Thank you for matrix equation in complete form. That it is understandable. But from initial equations I solve the equations where x'''' and y'''' are unknown, also put in Mathematica software and got x'''' in function of (x'',x) and y'''' in function of (y'',y). Mr Set, you got from second equation x'''' where I can see (a2+b2)/c2 , but a2 multiplied y'''', and I can't see y''''. Anyway thank you a lot for matrix and everything.

I am not completely sure what you are asking but I think this is it.

On the left hand side we are taking the derivative this gives
for example
$\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{dx_3}{dt}=$ the bottom row of the matrix remember that

$\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{dx_3}{dt}=\frac{d^4x}{dt^4}$

So the 4th derivatives are only on the left hand side
• Apr 6th 2011, 02:17 PM
derdack
It is completely clear. But first step from initial equations. It should be to express the x'''' and y'''' from initial equation. I am not sure that it is correct in first your post where you express x'''' and y'''' after some algebra.
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