
reduction of order...
the indicated y1 is a solution of the given differential equation. find a second solution y2(x).
so my problem is: y'' 4y' + 4y = 0 , y1 = e^(2x)
if y=u(x)y1(x) then y= u(x)e^(2x).
after finding y'' and y' i substituted back into the original equation and got,
u''e^(2x) = 0. and this is where i am stuck. I am not sure what to do.
i know that u'' must be 0.
my book goes on to say that, u= c1x + c2? and that c1= 1 and c2=0 and that
y2= xe^(2x)?
a little help please....
thanks in advance.

If $\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{d^2u}{dx^2} = 0$, integrate once to get $\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{du}{dx}$, integrate again to get $\displaystyle \displaystyle u$.

ok so with that being said u'=c1 and u would be c1x + c2
ok i see that now thanks...ok but how did the book know to make c1 = 1 and c2 = 0?

Were you given any initial conditions or boundary conditions?


In that case you will need to substitute $\displaystyle \displaystyle y = e^{2x} + (c_1x + c_2)e^{2x}$ into your DE, simplify, then equate the coefficients of like powers of $\displaystyle \displaystyle x$...

What you're looking for is the second independent solution. If you keep your two constants as they are you have
$\displaystyle y = \left(c_1 + c_2x\right)e^{2x} = c_1 e^{2x} + c_2 x e^{2x}$
The first is your first solution ($\displaystyle c_1 = 1, c_2 = 0$) and the second the second independent solution ($\displaystyle c_1 = 0, c_2 = 1$)