Semi Linear PDE

• Feb 14th 2011, 06:39 AM
bugatti79
Semi Linear PDE
$\displaystyle \displaystyle -2xy \frac{\partial u}{\partial x} +4x \frac{\partial u}{\partial y}=4xy-yu$.

$\displaystyle u(x,0)=2 \sqrt x$

$\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{4x}{-2xy}=\frac{-2}{y} \implies \frac{y^2}{2}=-2x+k$

$\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{du}{dx}=\frac{4xy-yu}{-2xy}=-2+\frac{u}{2x}$. Solve using an integrating factor where $\displaystyle p=\frac{-1}{2x}$ giving

$\displaystyle \displaystyle u x^{\frac{-1}{2}}= \int -2 x^{\frac{-1}{2}} dx=-4x^{\frac{1}{2}}+f(\frac{y^2}{2}+2x)$ Therefore

$\displaystyle \displaystyle u(x,y)=-4x+x^{\frac{1}{2}} f(\frac{y^2}{2}+2x)$

Using intial conditions gives $\displaystyle \displaystyle 2 \sqrt x=-4x+x^{\frac{1}{2}}f(2x)$. Let $\displaystyle \displaystyle t=2x \implies \frac{t}{2}=f(t)$ therefore

$\displaystyle \displaystyle f(t)=\{2\sqrt {\frac{t}{2}}+2t}\}({\frac{t}{2})^\frac{-1}{2}$. Therefore

$\displaystyle \displaystyle u(x,y)=-4x+x^{\frac{1}{2}} \{2\sqrt {\frac{\frac{y^2}{2}+2x}{2}}+2(\frac{y^2}{2}+2x)\} (({\frac{y^2}{2}+2x)/2)^{\frac{-1}{2}}$

Could anyone check this is right so far? the above equation doesnt look correct.
Thanks
• Feb 15th 2011, 02:55 AM
Jester
It's correct but why not simple your $\displaystyle f(t)$ a little. Such as

$\displaystyle f(t) = 2 + \sqrt{8t}$.