# Homogeneous equations always do have an integrating factor

• Oct 1st 2010, 08:31 PM
Krizalid
Homogeneous equations always do have an integrating factor
I'm looking for some proofs about the following statement:

let $\displaystyle M(x,y)\,dx+N(x,y)\,dy=0,$ be a homogeneous ODE.

find an integrating factor for the above equation.
• Oct 2nd 2010, 05:29 AM
Jester
If the ODE is homogeneous then it admits the symmetry

$\displaystyle \bar{x} = e^{\varepsilon \alpha}x,\;\;\;\bar{y} = e^{\varepsilon \alpha}y,$

or infinitesimal transformation

$\displaystyle \bar{x} = x + \varspsilon \alpha x + O(\varepsilon^2),\;\;\; \bar{y} = y + \varspsilon \alpha y + O(\varepsilon^2)$

and the original ODE has the integrating factor

$\displaystyle \mu = \dfrac{1}{\alpha x M + \alpha y N}$ (we can set $\displaystyle \alpha = 1$ wlog)

This was show by Lie in the late 1800's.
• Oct 3rd 2010, 04:38 AM
HallsofIvy
Let me point out that "find an integrating factor" is NOT a statement and you are not trying to prove it.

In fact, any first order differential equation has an integrating factor- its just simpler to find if the equation is homogeneous.
• Oct 3rd 2010, 07:11 AM
Krizalid
Quote:

Originally Posted by Danny
If the ODE is homogeneous then it admits the symmetry

$\displaystyle \bar{x} = e^{\varepsilon \alpha}x,\;\;\;\bar{y} = e^{\varepsilon \alpha}y,$

or infinitesimal transformation

$\displaystyle \bar{x} = x + \varspsilon \alpha x + O(\varepsilon^2),\;\;\; \bar{y} = y + \varspsilon \alpha y + O(\varepsilon^2)$

and the original ODE has the integrating factor

$\displaystyle \mu = \dfrac{1}{\alpha x M + \alpha y N}$ (we can set $\displaystyle \alpha = 1$ wlog)

This was show by Lie in the late 1800's.

two advanced for me! but thanks!

Quote:

Originally Posted by HallsofIvy
Let me point out that "find an integrating factor" is NOT a statement and you are not trying to prove it.

In fact, any first order differential equation has an integrating factor- its just simpler to find if the equation is homogeneous.

i never said the above ODE was linear or something, it could have quadratic or cubic terms and can still be homogeneous.