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Math Help - Inverse Laplace Transform

  1. #1
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    Inverse Laplace Transform

    Hi,

    I need to find the inverse Laplace transform of

    F(s) = s^{-2} \tanh(sT/2).

    I suspect I have to use the period definition for Laplace transforms but I can't see how to make it fit. Any tips?
    Last edited by harbottle; November 6th 2009 at 07:11 PM.
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    Quote Originally Posted by harbottle View Post
    Hi,

    I need to find the inverse Laplace transform of

    F(s) = s^{-2} \tanh(nT/2).

    I suspect I have to use the period definition for Laplace transforms but I can't see how to make it fit. Any tips?
    There is no s in your tanh function ....?
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    Sorry, typo'd . Was thinking of periods while I was writing it down, and an n found its way in there somewhere
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    Quote Originally Posted by harbottle View Post
    Hi,

    I need to find the inverse Laplace transform of

    F(s) = s^{-2} \tanh(sT/2).

    I suspect I have to use the period definition for Laplace transforms but I can't see how to make it fit. Any tips?
    Are you familiar with:

    The Bromwich inversion integral.
    The residue theorem.
    Fourier series.

    Because these are the things you would need to understand if you were to be able to follow the outline of the type of solution I have in mind and fill in the details.
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    I haven't used the residue theorem for a while, I know. The Bromwich integral I know by definition, but I don't think we're expected to use it (and haven't been taught how).

    Anyway, I'll be keen to try whatever you're thinking, or if you know a way of doing it without these things, that's fine too.
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    Quote Originally Posted by harbottle View Post
    I haven't used the residue theorem for a while, I know. The Bromwich integral I know by definition, but I don't think we're expected to use it (and haven't been taught how).

    Anyway, I'll be keen to try whatever you're thinking, or if you know a way of doing it without these things, that's fine too.
    There's no point my posting an outline of a solution if you have not learned the mathematics it requires. I might think of a less sophisticated way at some stage, or perhaps someone else will.
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    Quote Originally Posted by harbottle View Post
    Hi,

    I need to find the inverse Laplace transform of

    F(s) = s^{-2} \tanh(sT/2).

    I suspect I have to use the period definition for Laplace transforms but I can't see how to make it fit. Any tips?
    You are 'lucky' because in this case You don't need to know sophisticated tools like Bromwitch integral, residue theorem and so on but only to have 'little imagination' ...

    The LT to be inverted is...

    F(s)= \frac{1}{s^{2}}\cdot \tanh \frac{sT}{2} (1)

    Now, taking into account that...

    a) for |s|>0 the function \tanh (*) can be written as...

    \tanh \frac{sT}{2} = \frac{1 - e^{-sT}}{1+e^{-sT}} = (1-e^{-sT})\cdot (1 - e^{-sT} + e^{-2sT} - \dots) (2)

    b) is...

    \mathcal{L}^{-1} \{\frac{1}{s^{2}}\cdot (1-e^{-sT}) \}=t \cdot H(t) -(t-T)\cdot H(t-T) (3)

    ... that is the function represented here...



    ... is easy enough verify with the aid of (2) that the inverse LT we are searching is the function (3) 'periodized with alternating signs' , i.e. the periodic function represented here...



    So your 'intuition' was exact: we have a periodic function ...

    Kind regards

    \chi \sigma
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    Quote Originally Posted by chisigma View Post
    You are 'lucky' because in this case You don't need to know sophisticated tools like Bromwitch integral, residue theorem and so on but only to have 'little imagination' ...

    The LT to be inverted is...

    F(s)= \frac{1}{s^{2}}\cdot \tanh \frac{sT}{2} (1)

    Now, taking into account that...

    a) for |s|>0 the function \tanh (*) can be written as...

    \tanh \frac{sT}{2} = \frac{1 - e^{-sT}}{1+e^{-sT}} = (1-e^{-sT})\cdot (1 - e^{-sT} + e^{-2sT} - \dots) (2)

    b) is...

    \mathcal{L}^{-1} \{\frac{1}{s^{2}}\cdot (1-e^{-sT}) \}=t \cdot H(t) -(t-T)\cdot H(t-T) (3)

    ... that is the function represented here...



    ... is easy enough verify with the aid of (2) that the inverse LT we are searching is the function (3) 'periodized with alternating signs' , i.e. the periodic function represented here...



    So your 'intuition' was exact: we have a periodic function ...

    Kind regards

    \chi \sigma
    Nice reply. Clearly I have no imagination ....
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  9. #9
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    Hi. Just for fun:

    \mathcal{L}^{-1}\left\{\frac{1}{s^2}\tanh(sT/2)\right\}=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\mathop\int\limits_{c-i\infty}^{c+i\infty}e^{st}\frac{1}{s^2}\tanh(sT/2)ds

    and with some effort, we can show a closed contour pinned at the line c+i\gamma and allowed to expand without bounds, reduces to the Bromwich integral and sum of the enclosed residues:

    \mathcal{L}^{-1}\left\{\frac{1}{s^2}\tanh(sT/2)\right\}=\mathop\text{Res}\limits_{z=0}\left\{e^  {st}\frac{1}{s^2}\tanh(sT/2)\right\} +\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\mathop\text{Res}\limits_{z=z_  n}\left\{e^{st}\frac{1}{s^2}\tanh(sT/2)\right\},\quad z_n=\pm\frac{(2n+1)\pi i}{T}

    =\frac{T}{2}-\frac{4T}{\pi^2}\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(2n+1)  ^2}\cos\left[\frac{(2n+1)\pi x}{T}\right]

    and I suspect that is the Fourier series of the answer obtained by Chisigma and suggested by Mr. F.
    Last edited by shawsend; November 8th 2009 at 07:29 AM. Reason: added +- to residues
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    Quote Originally Posted by harbottle View Post
    Hi,

    I need to find the inverse Laplace transform of

    F(s) = s^{-2} \tanh(sT/2).

    I suspect I have to use the period definition for Laplace transforms but I can't see how to make it fit. Any tips?
    You can also look this up in a table of LT and ILT, it is item 32.158 in the Laplace Transform chapter of the Schaum Mathematical Handbook.

    (interestingly enough WolframAlpha does not know this!)

    CB
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  11. #11
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    Nice! That looks easy now with \chi\sigma's hint.

    And I'll have a look at your solution too shawsend though as Mr.F suggested I might have some difficulties.


    Thanks everyone!
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