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Math Help - Non-homogeneous Equations problem 1

  1. #1
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    Non-homogeneous Equations problem 1

    Here is the problem:
    y''-10 y' +25y = -16 e^(5t)

    And I am trying to find the particular solution!

    I tried using the method of undetermined coefficients but no matter what my initial guess of Yp(x) I always get 0 on the left side

    For example:

    Yp(x) = Axe^(5x)
    Y'p(x) = A(5x+1)e^(5x)
    y''p(x) = A(25x+10)e^(5x)

    Then I substitute into the original function

    and I get:

    (25AX-50AX+25AX+10A-10A)e^(5x) = -16 e^(5x)
    -> 0(e^(5x) = -16 e^(5x)

    then I don't know what to do anymore...
    Did I do something wrong or I should use a different method to approach this problem?

    Thank you for the help!!
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  2. #2
    MHF Contributor chisigma's Avatar
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    Writing the DE equation as...

    y^{''} -10\cdot y^{'} + 25\cdot y = g(t) (1)

    ... the general solution of the homogeneus equation [i.e. the equation in which is g(x)=0...] is...

    y(t)= c_{1}\cdot e^{5t} + c_{2}\cdot t\cdot e^{5t} (2)

    In the case You have proposed is g(t)= -16\cdot e^{5t}, so that g(t) is solution of the homogeneous equation and that can produce some problems. In almost all such cases the solution of the problem requires the use of Laplace Transform. Writing (1) in term of LT we obtain...

    s^{2}\cdot Y(s) -10\cdot s\cdot Y(s) + 25\cdot Y(s)= -\frac{16}{s-5} (3)

    ... so that is...

    Y(s)=-\frac{16}{(s-5)^{3}} (4)

    The particular solution You are searching is the inverse LT of (4) and loocking at the 'manual' we find that this 'particular solution' y^{*} (t) is [excluding errors of me ] ...

    y^{*} (t) = -8 \cdot t^{2} e^{5t} (5)

    Kind regards

    \chi \sigma
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  3. #3
    Junior Member
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    Thank you so much for the help!!
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