find magnitude, direction/velocity

i am having trouble with these two problems, please someone help

Quote:

An object weighing 258.5 pounds is held in equilibrium by two ropes that make angles of 27.34 degrees and 39.22 degrees, respectively, with the vertical. Find the magnitude of the force exerted on the object by each rope.

i think you need something like $\displaystyle ||u||cos(27.34) = ||v||cos(39.22)$ and $\displaystyle ||u||sin(27.34) + ||v||sin(39.22) = ||w|| = 258.2$ but im not really sure what to do.

Quote:

A ship is sailing due south at 20 miles per hour. A man walks west (i.e., at right angles to the side of the ship) across the deck at 3 miles per hour. What are the magnitude and direction of his velocity relative to the surface of the water?

i don't know what to do here for the most part.

any suggestions would be helpful.