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Math Help - integral of cos^3(x)

  1. #1
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    integral of cos^3(x)

    Hi, I need to integrate cos^3(x).

    So far I have:∫cos^3(x) = ∫cos(x)(1-sin^2(x)) = ∫cos(x) -∫cos(x)sin^2(x)= sin(x) - (1/3) sin^3(x) = 1/3 (3sin(x) - sin^3(x))

    How do I get from this to: 1/12 (9sin(x) + sin(3x))

    Is there a special trig identity?
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by Mr.Ree View Post
    Hi, I need to integrate cos^3(x).

    So far I have:∫cos^3(x) = ∫cos(x)(1-sin^2(x)) = ∫cos(x) -∫cos(x)sin^2(x)= sin(x) - (1/3) sin^3(x) = 1/3 (3sin(x) - sin^3(x))

    How do I get from this to: 1/12 (9sin(x) + sin(3x))

    Is there a special trig identity?
    \sin (3x) = \sin(x + 2x) = \sin x \cos (2x) + \cos x \sin (2x) = \sin x (1 - 2 \sin^2 x) + 2 \sin x \cos^2 x

    = \sin x - 2 \sin^3 x + 2 \sin x (1 - \sin^2 x) = \sin x - 2 \sin^3 x + 2 \sin x - 2 \sin^3 x

    = 3 \sin x - 4 \sin^3 x.

    Therefore \sin^3 x = \frac{3}{4} \sin x - \frac{1}{4} \sin (3x).
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