# optimzation problem # 10

• Aug 15th 2009, 07:07 PM
skeske1234
optimzation problem # 10
a rectangle is inscribed under the curve y=e^(-x)^2, with its base along the x-axis. Find the rectangle of largest area, subject to the restriction that the base does not exceed 4 units.

Now I want to maximize the area of the rectangle, so should I do this?

A=xy
=[e^(-x)^2]x

Tested the domain

f(0)=1
f(4)=0.0000000112

now this doesn't make much sense because we dont have a rectangle if the largest area is 1..... x =0? not rectangle.

Please guide me to enlightenment! really appreciate it. thank you
• Aug 15th 2009, 10:50 PM
earboth
Quote:

Originally Posted by skeske1234
a rectangle is inscribed under the curve y=e^(-x)^2, with its base along the x-axis. Find the rectangle of largest area, subject to the restriction that the base does not exceed 4 units.

Now I want to maximize the area of the rectangle, so should I do this?

A=xy <<<<<<<< according to your calculations this is only the half of the area of the rectangle
=[e^(-x)^2]x

...

$A(x)=2x \cdot e^{-x^2}$

Calculate the first derivation of A. Use product rule:

$A'(x)=e^{-x^2} \cdot 2 + 2x \cdot e^{-x^2} \cdot (-2x)$

$A'(x)=2e^{-\frac12} \cdot (1-2x^2)$

Solve $A'(x)=0$. You should come out with $x = \dfrac12 \cdot \sqrt{2}$

Plug in this value into the equation of A to get $A_{max}=\sqrt{2} \cdot e^{-\frac12} \approx 0.85776...$
• Aug 16th 2009, 07:22 AM
skeske1234
Quote:

Originally Posted by earboth
$A(x)=2x \cdot e^{-x^2}$

Calculate the first derivation of A. Use product rule:

$A'(x)=e^{-x^2} \cdot 2 + 2x \cdot e^{-x^2} \cdot (-2x)$

$A'(x)=2e^{-\frac12} \cdot (1-2x^2)$

Solve $A'(x)=0$. You should come out with $x = \dfrac12 \cdot \sqrt{2}$

Plug in this value into the equation of A to get $A_{max}=\sqrt{2} \cdot e^{-\frac12} \approx 0.85776...$

why is the area of the rectangle

A=2xy??
How is A=xy only half of the rectangle?
• Aug 16th 2009, 08:05 AM
songoku
Hi skeske1234

If you draw the graph of $y=e^{-x^2}$ , it will be on 1st and 2nd quadrant and is symmetry about y-axis. So, the rectangle will also lie on 1st and 2nd quadrant and is symmetry about y-axis.

A = xy is only the area on one quadrant. If you take positive value of x, then the rectangle is on 1st quadrant. If you take negative value of x, the rectangle is on 2nd quadrant.

Hence, to get the total area : A = 2xy

Maybe, it will be clearer if someone posts the graph :)
• Aug 16th 2009, 09:28 AM
skeeter
always sketch a graph before doing a problem like this ...
• Aug 16th 2009, 11:12 PM
earboth
Quote:

Originally Posted by skeske1234
why is the area of the rectangle

A=2xy??
How is A=xy only half of the rectangle?

Have a look here: http://www.mathhelpforum.com/math-he...oblem-2-a.html