# Anti-Derivative using u and du.

• Jul 19th 2009, 02:55 PM
Brazuca
Anti-Derivative using u and du.

I don't understand the circled part. Since U uses up the 2x in front of the cos2x how come a DU is still present. Also why is the 1/2 there?
• Jul 19th 2009, 02:58 PM
skeeter
Quote:

Originally Posted by Brazuca

I don't understand the circled part. Since U uses up the 2x in front of the cos2x how come a DU is still present. Also why is the 1/2 there?

note that $\frac{du}{2} = \cos(2x) \, dx$
• Jul 19th 2009, 03:08 PM
Brazuca

why is it not effected by the 1/2?

shouldn't Sin(squared)2x turn into [(squared)2x]/2?
• Jul 19th 2009, 03:10 PM
skeeter
no
• Jul 19th 2009, 03:14 PM
Brazuca
how come the u^2 isn't effected by the 1/2?
• Jul 19th 2009, 03:35 PM
skeeter
$\int \textcolor{red}{\sin^2(2x)} \textcolor{blue}{\cos(2x) \, dx}$

$\textcolor{red}{u = \sin(2x)}$

$\textcolor{blue}{du = 2\cos(2x) \, dx}$

$\textcolor{blue}{\frac{1}{2}} \int \textcolor{red}{\sin^2(2x)} \textcolor{blue}{2\cos(2x) \, dx}$

note that the $\frac{1}{2}$ on the outside of the integral compensates for the 2 inserted in the integrand

$\textcolor{blue}{\frac{1}{2}} \int \textcolor{red}{u^2} \textcolor{blue}{du}$

see why now?
• Jul 19th 2009, 03:47 PM
Brazuca
Oh now I understand. So by having the 1/2 on the outside it causes the 2 to appear on the inside.
• Jul 19th 2009, 03:53 PM
skeeter
Quote:

Originally Posted by Brazuca
Oh now I understand. So by having the 1/2 on the outside it causes the 2 to appear on the inside.

other way around ... you need the constant 2 in the integrand for du, the 1/2 on the outside compensates because (1/2)*2 = 1
• Jul 19th 2009, 04:18 PM
Brazuca
Ok now I think I get it.

Because you put the 2 inside the integral you need to compensate by putting the 1/2 on the outside.

So if I had needed to put a 5 inside I would put a 1/5 outside right?
• Jul 19th 2009, 04:21 PM
skeeter
Quote:

Originally Posted by Brazuca
Ok now I think I get it.

Because you put the 2 inside the integral you need to compensate by putting the 1/2 on the outside.

So if I had needed to put a 5 inside I would put a 1/5 outside right?

that is correct. in effect, it's like multiplying the integral by 1 ... no change.
• Jul 19th 2009, 04:31 PM
Plato
Quote:

Originally Posted by Brazuca
Ok now I think I get it.
Because you put the 2 inside the integral you need to compensate by putting the 1/2 on the outside.
So if I had needed to put a 5 inside I would put a 1/5 outside right?

I have a suggestion; simply differentiate the following paying very close attention to the process.
$\frac{1}{6}\sin^3(2x)$