How can we calculate this generalized integral:
Thanks in advance!!
There are many ways to skin an integral, but here goes:
The integral is given by
We can find the residues by considering the complex function:
The singularities are at
The equation can be solved by .
But, remember that
The 4 roots are:
Two of the roots are in the upper half plane and two in the lower half
plane. Don't pay attention to the roots in the lower half plane because we
are choosing a closed semicircle in the upper half plane as our contour.
We consider the singularities that are inside the contour, so the others do not contribute anything.
Now, lets compute the residues:
This whittles down to:
So, the residues corresponding to the pole at is given by
Therefore, hence, heretofore, and whence the integral evaluates to:
Now, because we want from 0 to infinity, divide by 2 and we get:
We could also do this by regular old integration by trying a partial fraction:
This leads to the rather onerous looking:
For the first one, the sub will simplify it nicely.
For the second one, try letting