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Math Help - Calculate the volume of a part of a sphere inside a cylinder

  1. #16
    MHF Contributor arbolis's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Jhevon View Post
    how exactly did you end up with that integral? that guy never showed up when i did it
    V=4 \int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \int_0^{a\sin (\theta)} \int_0^{\sqrt{a^2-r^2}} rdzdrd\theta.
    I call I the dz integral. I got that I=r\sqrt{a^2-r^2}
    Thus V=4 \int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \int_0^{a\sin (\theta)} r\sqrt{a^2-r^2}drd\theta.
    I call J the dr integral. I got that J=-\frac{1}{3}(a\sin (\theta))^{\frac{3}{2}} via a u substitution.
    Hence V=-\frac{4}{3} a^{\frac{3}{2}} \int _0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \sin ^{\frac{3}{2}} (\theta) d\theta.
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  2. #17
    is up to his old tricks again! Jhevon's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by arbolis View Post
    V=4 \int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \int_0^{a\sin (\theta)} \int_0^{\sqrt{a^2-r^2}} rdzdrd\theta.
    I call I the dz integral. I got that I=r\sqrt{a^2-r^2}
    Thus V=4 \int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \int_0^{a\sin (\theta)} r\sqrt{a^2-r^2}drd\theta.
    I call J the dr integral. I got that J=-\frac{1}{3}(a\sin (\theta))^{\frac{3}{2}} via a u substitution.
    Hence V=-\frac{4}{3} a^{\frac{3}{2}} \int _0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \sin ^{\frac{3}{2}} (\theta) d\theta.
    well, that's your problem! J = - \frac 13 (a^2 - a^2 \sin^2 \theta)^{3/2} - a^3

    check again, you'll see that's what you should have
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  3. #18
    MHF Contributor arbolis's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Jhevon View Post
    well, that's your problem! J = - \frac 13 (a^2 - a^2 \sin^2 \theta)^{3/2} - a^3

    check again, you'll see that's what you should have
    As yesterday I forgot to change the limits of the integral when making the substitution.
    u=a^2-r^2 \Rightarrow du=-2rdr so J=-\frac{1}{2} \int_{a^2}^{a^2-a^2\sin ^2 (\theta)} \sqrt u du=-\frac{1}{2} \int_{a^2}^{a^2(1-\sin ^2 (\theta))} \sqrt u du=-\frac{1}{2} \int_{a^2}^{a^2(\cos^2 (\theta))} \sqrt u du.
    \Rightarrow J= - \frac{1}{3} u^{\frac{3}{2}}  \big | _{a^2}^{a^2\cos^2 (\theta))}=-\frac{1}{3} (a^3\cos ^3 (\theta)-a^3).
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