# Thread: All the cases in which a limit cannot exist

1. ## All the cases in which a limit cannot exist

My prof said there was three ways, so far I've found two:

When the limit goes up to infinity, and when the left and right limits don't match. What are the other ways a limit cannot exist?

2. Originally Posted by AMaccy
My prof said there was three ways, so far I've found two:

When the limit goes up to infinity, and when the left and right limits don't match. What are the other ways a limit cannot exist?
An example for you to consider: $\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \sin \left(\frac{1}{x}\right)$.

3. There are indeed three ways in which the $\lim_{x\to a}f(x)$ cannot exist.

1. $f(x)$ is not well defined inthe neighbourhood of $x=a$.

For example $\lim_{x\to 1}\sec^{-1}(\sin x)$ does not exist

since $\sec^{-1}(\sin x)$ is not defined in the neighbourhood

of $x=1$ though it is defined at $x=1$.The same

is true for $\lim_{x\to 1}\sin^{-1}(\frac{1+x^2}{2x})$.

2. $f(x)$ does not display tendency to approach a fixed numerical value.

For e.g. it is not known as to what value

$\lim_{x\to 0}\sin (\frac{1}{x})$will assume though we are

sure that it is a finite quantity on the interval $[-1,1].$

Similarly, $f(x)=\begin{cases}0,\mbox { if } x\in irrationals\\1,\mbox{ if } x\in rationals\end{cases}$

Here, $f(3) = 1$.But if you try to evaluate $\lim_{x\to 3}f(x)$ we will not be able to decide to what value should f(x)

assume on the interval $[3-h,3+h]\notin {3}$.

3.Of course ,the last condition being Left hand limit $\neq$Right hand limit