I have to find the critical points of the function f and to tell whether they are local minimum, local maximum or saddle point.
The function is .
By intuition the point (0,0) is a local minimum.
Formally, I found that , so and any value. (I'm not convinced since y is treated as a constant and it might be 0, while in this case x could be any other number different from 0. Hence my "so" is not an implication in fact! I don't understand what I'm doing wrong)
and any value. (Once again I don't trust my implication)
Hence the critical point is .
From my class notes, if , then I cannot conclude about the nature of the critical point. Unfortunately it happens here, and there's no theorem that can help me.
If it was the case of a transcendantal function, I would have approximate it by a Taylor's polynomial and checking if the polynomial reaches a minimum or a maximum or a saddle point, but the problem is that the function is a polynomial. (by the way I'm not even sure that approximating a function via a Taylor's polynomial assegurate that the approximated function reaches the same critical points. Maybe there's a theorem about it but I never read it yet).