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Math Help - Volume

  1. #1
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    Volume

    A box with no top must have a base twice as long as it is wide, and the total surface area of the box is to be 54 ft^2. What is the maximum possible volume of such a box?
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  2. #2
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    Width=X
    Base=2*X
    Height=Y

    Surface area w/o a top is Base*Width + 2*Base*Height + 2*Width*Height

    54 = 2X*X + 2*2X*Y+2*X*Y = 2X^2+6X*Y

    Solve for Y:

    54-6*X*Y=2*X^2
    -6*X*Y=2*X^2-54
    Y=(2*X^2-54)/(-6*X)

    Equation for volume is Base*Width*Height

    We now know what Y is in terms of X so we just multiply them all together.

    X*2X*(2*X^2-54)/(-6*X)=18*X^3-(2/3)*x^5

    Differentiate in terms of X so we can set equal to zero to find maximum.

    d(B*W*H)/dx=54*x^2-(10/3)*X^4

    54*x^2-(10/3)*X^4 = 0 for x = 9*(5)^(1/2)/5 or approximately 4.02492

    Sorry, to find maximum volume, plug that value into our volume formula..

    18*(4.02492)^3-(2/3)*(4.02492)^5 = 469.467 ft^3
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