1. ## conical tank

Use Torricelli's principle to find the time it takes to empty a conical tank of circular cross section standing on its apex whose angle is 45° and has an outlet of cross sectional area 1.0cm². The tank is initially full of water and at time t = 0 the outlet is opened and the water flows out. The initial depth of the water in the tank is 2m.

Torricelli's principle: √2gh
Volume of a Cone: V= (1/3) π r² h

I think you set up a differential equation here
dV/dt = -a√2gh I'm not sure if this is right place to start.

2. Originally Posted by Automaton
Use Torricelli's principle to find the time it takes to empty a conical tank of circular cross section standing on its apex whose angle is 45° and has an outlet of cross sectional area 1.0cm². The tank is initially full of water and at time t = 0 the outlet is opened and the water flows out. The initial depth of the water in the tank is 2m.

Torricelli's principle: √2gh
Volume of a Cone: V= (1/3) π r² h

I think you set up a differential equation here
dV/dt = -a√2gh I'm not sure if this is right place to start.
for the cone ...

$\displaystyle r = h\tan(22.5)$

$\displaystyle V = \frac{\pi}{3} [h\tan(22.5)]^2 h$

$\displaystyle V = \frac{\pi}{3}\tan^2(22.5) h^3$

$\displaystyle \frac{dV}{dt} = \pi \tan^2(22.5) h^2 \cdot \frac{dh}{dt}$

let $\displaystyle b = \pi \tan^2(22.5)$

$\displaystyle \frac{dV}{dt} = bh^2 \cdot \frac{dh}{dt}$

$\displaystyle \frac{dV}{dt} = -a\sqrt{2gh} = -a\sqrt{2g} \cdot \sqrt{h}$

let $\displaystyle d = a\sqrt{2g}$

$\displaystyle \frac{dV}{dt} = -d\sqrt{h}$

$\displaystyle bh^2 \cdot \frac{dh}{dt} = -d\sqrt{h}$

$\displaystyle h^{\frac{3}{2}} \, dh = -\frac{d}{b} \, dt$

integrate and find h as a function of t.

I get the time to empty to be about 46 minutes.

3. is the height not equal to 2m, if the tank is full and has a depth of 2m?

4. Originally Posted by Automaton
The tank is initially full of water and at time t = 0 the outlet is opened and the water flows out. The initial depth of the water in the tank is 2m.

5. thats where i got my question from in the first place. I wasn't sure if h was known from that information or if h still needed to be found. If i integrate the left side I get
but i'm still not on how to integrate:
-d/b dt

i understand b is just being used to represent the pi*tan(22.5),

6. Originally Posted by Automaton
thats where i got my question from in the first place. I wasn't sure if h was known from that information or if h still needed to be found. If i integrate the left side I get
but i'm still not on how to integrate:
-d/b dt

i understand b is just being used to represent the pi*tan(22.5),
I can't see your image for your integration of the left side. As far as the right side, $\displaystyle -\frac{d}{b}$ is just a constant ...

$\displaystyle \int -\frac{d}{b} \, dt = -\frac{d}{b}t + C$

7. left side is [2h^(5/2)]/5
ok thats what i was getting but i wasn't sure because i didn't know what 'd' was.

8. Originally Posted by Automaton
left side is [2h^(5/2)]/5
ok thats what i was getting but i wasn't sure because i didn't know what 'd' was.
look at my solution again ... d is defined there.

9. ok now I see it. Sorry about that. I must have over look it. Thanks so much for your help. I was completely lost on this question