
Power series question
We just started power series in class and I'm somewhat confused about them. I'm stuck on this particular problem. It says to make a power series for f(x) = x/(2x^2+1). What I did was to base it on geometric series so I convered the equation to look like 1/(1+x) so now it looks like x/[1(2x^2)]. What I got for the power series was x multiplied by the sum of (2x^2)^n from n=0 to infinity. Is this right?

You're close, except you forgot to add a coefficient, rational functions have this relation:
$\displaystyle \frac{x}{2x^2 + 1} = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_nx^n$
It's that simple, now you have to find the coefficients:
Multiply the denominator through:
$\displaystyle x = (2x^2 + 1)\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_nx^n$
Now we multiply the sum through:
$\displaystyle x = 2\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_nx^{n+2} + \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_nx^n$
Adjust the indices:
$\displaystyle x = 2\sum_{n=2}^{\infty}a_{n2}x^n + \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_nx^n$
Now we combine like terms:
$\displaystyle x = a_0 + a_1x + \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}(2a_{n2} + a_n)x^n$
Since there are no coefficients on the left side, then:
$\displaystyle a_0 = 0$
Since the coefficient of the x term on the left side is 1, then the coefficient of the x term on the right side is also 1:
$\displaystyle a_1 = 1$
This gives you:
$\displaystyle x = x + \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}(2a_{n2} + a_n)x^n$
Which gives you an interesting result:
$\displaystyle a_n = 2a_{n2}$
Now you have your power series:
$\displaystyle f(x) = \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}2a_{n2}x^n$
This gives you:
$\displaystyle f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}2a_nx^{n+2}$