The theorem says: If converges, then .
This does NOT mean that it is true the other way around!
For example, if I told you that converges, then according to the above, without a doubt you know that .
However, if all I told you was , the theorem doesn't say anything about the statement backwards so we don't know if it converges or not and you would have to use some test to prove that it does.
Do you get it? Essentially, the theorem is the statement in the form: If , then .
Just because is occurred, doesn't mean did.