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Math Help - More Integral Problems

  1. #1
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    Exclamation More Integral Problems

    If someone wouldn't mind helping me with these two integrals, I would really appreciate it, thanks!
    \int^{\sqrt2}_1\frac{dx}{x^2 \sqrt{2-x^2}}
    \int^{\frac{1}{2}}_0 x \arctan({2x}) dx
    Last edited by summermagic; March 30th 2009 at 08:35 PM.
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by summermagic View Post
    If someone wouldn't mind helping me with these two integrals, I would really appreciate it, thanks!
    \int^{\sqrt2}_1\frac{dx}{x^2 \sqrt{2-x^2}}
    \int^{\frac{1}{2}}_0 x \arctan({2x}) dx

    YUCK!!!!!

    Ok, First rearrange your integral so you can use a u-substitution:

    \int^{\sqrt2}_1\frac{dx}{x^2 \sqrt{2-x^2}}

    \int^{\sqrt2}_1  \frac{dx}{2 \cdot \frac{x^2}{\sqrt{2}} \cdot \frac{\sqrt{2}}{\sqrt{2}} - \frac{x}{\sqrt{2}}}

    u = \frac{x}{\sqrt{2}}

    <br />
du = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} dx

    So your integral becomes:

    \ \int \frac{du}{2 u^2 \sqrt{1-u^2}}

    Factor out your constants & then use the sin^{-1} substitution for \sqrt{1-u^2}

    This should give you a fairly easy integral. Just remember to plug back in all of your substitutions or change your limits accordingly. Hope that helps!
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  3. #3
    Senior Member mollymcf2009's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by summermagic View Post
    If someone wouldn't mind helping me with these two integrals, I would really appreciate it, thanks!
    \int^{\sqrt2}_1\frac{dx}{x^2 \sqrt{2-x^2}}
    \int^{\frac{1}{2}}_0 x \arctan({2x}) dx

    Wow, these are probably the ugliest integrals I've seen all day!

    Ok for the second one:

    \int^{\frac{1}{2}}_0 x \arctan({2x}) dx

    First do a u substitution with u = 2x

    Factor out your constants.

    Then you are going to have to do integration by parts:

    u = tan^{-1}, dv = u du

    Now, after you do parts, in the part still under the integral, you will probably have to do long division to get the exponent on top to be less than the one on the bottom.

    You should get something in the form of \int 1 + \frac{1}{u^2+1} *I didn't do this long division out, but I think that is probably right for your new integral after long division* This will allow you to break up the integral into two separate integrals.

    Integrate and then replace your u-substitution values.

    Sorry I didn't have to time to work this out for you. Hope this helps!!
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  4. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by mollymcf2009 View Post
    YUCK!!!!!

    Ok, First rearrange your integral so you can use a u-substitution:

    \int^{\sqrt2}_1\frac{dx}{x^2 \sqrt{2-x^2}}

    \int^{\sqrt2}_1  \frac{dx}{2 \cdot \frac{x^2}{\sqrt{2}} \cdot \frac{\sqrt{2}}{\sqrt{2}} - \frac{x}{\sqrt{2}}}
    I'm not quite sure how the two expressions are the same...

    But an easy solution to the first one is to use the substitution: x = \frac{1}{t} \ \Rightarrow \ \ dx = -\frac{1}{t^2} \ dt

    So our integral becomes: \int \frac{dx}{x^2\sqrt{2-x^2}} = \int \frac{-\frac{1}{t^2} \ dt}{\frac{1}{t^2} \sqrt{2 - \frac{1}{t^2}}} = - \int \frac{dt}{\sqrt{2 - \frac{1}{t^2}}}

    Simplify the expression a little bit more and you'll get a pretty easy integral.

    ________________

    Second one, use integration by parts: \begin{array}{lcl} u = \arctan (2x) & \Rightarrow & du = \frac{2}{1+(2x)^2} \ dx \\ dv = x & \Rightarrow & v = \frac{1}{2}x^2 \end{array}

    So: \int x \arctan({2x}) dx = \frac{1}{2}x^2\arctan (2x) - \frac{1}{2} \int \frac{x^2}{1+(2x)^2} \ dx
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  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by summermagic View Post
    If someone wouldn't mind helping me with these two integrals, I would really appreciate it, thanks!
    \int^{\sqrt2}_1\frac{dx}{x^2 \sqrt{2-x^2}}
    \int^{\frac{1}{2}}_0 x \arctan({2x}) dx

    For the first use the Trig substitution x=\sqrt{2}\sin(\theta) \implies dx=\sqrt{2} \cos(\theta)d\theta

    using this we can change the limits of integration

    1=\sqrt{2}\sin(\theta) \iff \theta=\frac{\pi}{4} and

    \sqrt{2}=\sqrt{2}\sin(\theta) \iff \theta =\frac{\pi}{2}

    Now the integral becomes

    \int_{\pi/4}^{\pi/2}\frac{\sqrt{2}\cos(\theta}{2\sin^2(\theta)\sqrt{  2-2\sin^{2}(\theta)}}d\theta=\int_{\pi/4}^{\pi/2}\csc^2(\theta)d\theta=-\cot(\theta) \bigg|_{\pi/4}^{\pi/2}
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