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Math Help - Trig Substitution Help

  1. #1
    Junior Member
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    Sep 2008
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    Trig Substitution Help

    I got the problem down to

    (1/2)y + (1/4)sin2y
    the sub I used was x = siny
    how do i sub back to X?
    I know the first part is sin inverse by how do i get the 2nd part?
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  2. #2
    Super Member redsoxfan325's Avatar
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    If you have \frac{1}{2}y+\frac{1}{4}sin(2y) with x=sin(y), then y=sin^{-1}x.

    Subbing back in yields \frac{sin^{-1}x}{2}+\frac{sin(2sin^{-1}x)}{4}.

    Recall the double angle identity: sin(2\theta)=2sin(\theta)cos(\theta).

    Letting \theta= sin^{-1}x, we have sin(2sin^{-1}x) = 2sin(sin^{-1}x)cos(sin^{-1}x).

    Clearly sin(sin^{-1}x)=x, but maybe not so clearly: cos(sin^{-1}x) = \sqrt{1-x^2}, because if you draw out the triangle, the angle whose sine is \frac{x}{1} will have cosine \frac{\sqrt{1-x^2}}{1}.

    Thus, sin(2sin^{-1}x) = 2sin(sin^{-1}x)cos(sin^{-1}x) = 2x\sqrt{1-x^2}..

    Thus the final answer is \frac{sin^{-1}x}{2}+\frac{2x\sqrt{1-x^2}}{4} = \frac{1}{2}(sin^{-1}x+x\sqrt{1-x^2}) + C.

    =Thus, \frac{1}{2}(sin^{-1}x+x\sqrt{1-x^2}) + C = \int \sqrt{1-x^2}\,dx, which is what I assume you were integrating.

    I hope this helped.
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  3. #3
    Junior Member
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    Yeah I got it. Thanks.
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