# Trig Substitution

• March 1st 2009, 10:58 AM
nystudent2729
Trig Substitution
Evaluate: int. 1/[x sqrt.(9+x^2)] dx
I am having trouble integrating it toward the end. Thanks for the help.(Wondering)
• March 1st 2009, 11:21 AM
Soroban
Hello, nystudent2729!

Quote:

$\int \frac{dx}{x\sqrt{9+x^2}}$

Let: $x \,=\,3\tan\theta \quad\Rightarrow\quad dx \,=\,3\sec^2\!\theta\,d\theta$

Substitute: . $\int\frac{3\sec^2\!\theta\,d\theta}{3\tan\theta\cd ot3\sec\theta} \;=\;\frac{1}{3}\int\frac{\sec\theta}{\tan\theta}\ ,d\theta \;=\;\frac{1}{3}\int\frac{\frac{1}{\cos\theta}}{\f rac{\sin\theta}{\cos\theta}}\,d\theta$

. . . . . . . $= \;\frac{1}{3}\int\frac{d\theta}{\sin\theta} \;=\;\frac{1}{3}\int \csc\theta\,d\theta \qquad\hdots\;\text{Got it?}$