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Math Help - Projectile Motion with vector functions (3D Motion in space velocity)

  1. #1
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    Projectile Motion with vector functions (3D Motion in space velocity)

    A gun is fired with angle of elevation 30. What is the muzzle speed if the maximum height of the shell is 484 m? g=gravity (9.8)
    What is the initial velocity?

    My instructor gave us a hint:
    v_0 is initial velocity.

    At max height vertical velocity = 0. This gives v_0 sin(alpha) - gt = 0.

    Vertical distance = -0.5 gt^2 + v_0 sin(alpha).

    Find v_0 from the above two equation.


    So I set those two equations equal to each other since they both equal zero. I'm not sure if I can do that. So my initial velocities cancelled out, I solved for t and got sqrt(2). I plugged that back into the vertical velocity and got v_0 = 28. I then plugged it back into the other equation to check it, but didn't get zero, I got 4.06.

    I'm pretty lost.
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  2. #2
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    v_0\sin{\alpha} - gt = 0

    t = \frac{v_0\sin{\alpha}}{g}


    \Delta y = v_0\sin{\alpha} \cdot t - \frac{1}{2}gt^2

    \Delta y = v_0\sin{\alpha} \cdot \frac{v_0\sin{\alpha}}{g} - \frac{1}{2}g\left(\frac{v_0\sin{\alpha}}{g}\right)  ^2

    \Delta y = \frac{v_0^2 \sin^2{\alpha}}{g} - \frac{v_0^2 \sin^2{\alpha}}{2g}<br />

    \Delta y = \frac{v_0^2 \sin^2{\alpha}}{2g}

    v_0 = \sqrt{\frac{2g \Delta y}{\sin^2{\alpha}}}
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