# Thread: complex analysis: linear transformations

1. ## complex analysis: linear transformations

A function of the form f(z)=az+b where a and b are complex constants is called a linear transformation. show that every linear transformation can be expressed as the composition of a magnification, a ratation, and a translation. deduce from this that a linear transformation maps lines to lines and circles to circles.

Hint: write a in polar form.

2. Originally Posted by srw899
A function of the form f(z)=az+b where a and b are complex constants is called a linear transformation. show that every linear transformation can be expressed as the composition of a magnification, a ratation, and a translation. deduce from this that a linear transformation maps lines to lines and circles to circles.

Hint: write a in polar form.
Let $a = re^{i \theta}$ and $z = be^{i \gamma}$. Then $az = rbe^{i(\theta + \gamma)}$. And let $b = b_{1}+ i b_2$.

3. Originally Posted by srw899
A function of the form f(z)=az+b where a and b are complex constants is called a linear transformation. show that every linear transformation can be expressed as the composition of a magnification, a ratation, and a translation. deduce from this that a linear transformation maps lines to lines and circles to circles.

Hint: write a in polar form.
You need to know that $a\not =0$!

If $a\in \mathbb{R}^{\times}$ and $a>1$ then $z\mapsto az$ is magnification by $a$. If $0 then $z\to az$ is minification by $a$. If $a<0$ then $a\to az$ is the same effect of $a\to |a|z$ however the object is reflected through the origin. And of course if $a=1$ then nothing happens.

Let $\theta\in \mathbb{R}$ then $z\mapsto e^{i\theta}z$ is a rotation counterclockwise by $\theta$. If if $\alpha \in \mathbb{C}$ then $z\mapsto z+\alpha$ is a translation in direction of $\alpha$ (if you think of this complex number as a vector).

Therefore, given $f(z) = \alpha z + \beta$ where $f(z) = re^{i\theta} + \beta$. So first you send $z\mapsto rz$ then $z\mapsto e^{i\theta}z$ and then $z\mapsto z+\beta$. Thus, all we are doing are rotating, maginifying/minifying, and translating. Thus, lines and circles go to lines and circles, respectively.

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# translations, magnifications, rotation linear mapping

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