1. Sketch the graph of this function (see attachment)
2. to a) Local extrema exist if the first derivative equals zero and the 2nd derivative is not zero. So you need first the derivative of your function:
. The domain of f is . Because you always subtract a positive number from a constant the function is decreasing. There can't be any local extrema. Therefore the range of the function is
Notice that now the domain of the derivative isn't the domain of the function:
that means there is only an absolute maximum at x = -2, f(-2) = 4 (remark: In German such a maximum is called absolute border extremum. I don't know the corresponding expression in English)
3. to b) f'(x) < 0 for all thus the function doesn't increase but is decreasing over the complete domain.