# How To Find The Antiderivative

• Jan 26th 2009, 06:52 PM
katchat64
How To Find The Antiderivative
I have been asking this question, but I never seem to get a direct answer.... Is there any type of formula to find an antiderivative?
• Jan 26th 2009, 07:04 PM
Larrioto
it depends , but alot of the time when you have a variable with a power, you just add 1 to the power and divide all of that by what you get for instance :

$\int x^{2}$

becomes

$\frac{x^{2+1}}{3}$

$\frac{x^{3}}{3}$
• Jan 26th 2009, 07:08 PM
katchat64
Thank you... that helps alot... but what about if it's not to a power say 2/X^2
• Jan 26th 2009, 07:10 PM
becker89
finding an anti derivative is based on these steps:
1) Known formula,which gives an immediate integral
now,when things get serious,you have to use at least one of those:
2)U substitution
3)Integration by parts
4)Partial Fractions
5)Trig substitution
6)complete the square

• Jan 26th 2009, 07:14 PM
Larrioto
You have to see it as $2x^{-2}$

if you integrate, your 2 goes in front because it's a constant and you just have to apply the trick :

$2\int x^{-2}$

which is

$2(\frac {x^{-1}}{-1})$

=

$\frac{-2}{x}$
• Jan 26th 2009, 07:14 PM
skeeter
Quote:

Originally Posted by katchat64
Thank you... that helps alot... but what about if it's not to a power say 2/X^2

but it is "to a power" ...

$\frac{2}{x^2} = 2x^{-2}$

antiderivative is $-2x^{-1} = -\frac{2}{x}$
• Jan 26th 2009, 07:17 PM
elpermic
there's no formula, but to find the integral

just add the exponent by 1, and then divide the part you integrated by your new exponent
• Jan 26th 2009, 07:26 PM
katchat64
Ok then... how would you take the antiderivative of

$\int_a^b{3^x\,dx}$
• Jan 26th 2009, 07:27 PM
mr fantastic
Quote:

Originally Posted by katchat64
I have been asking this question, but I never seem to get a direct answer.... Is there any type of formula to find an antiderivative?

There are many different formulae (the better word is techniques) .... it all depends on what is being anti-differentiated.
• Jan 26th 2009, 07:32 PM
elpermic
Quote:

Originally Posted by katchat64
Ok then... how would you take the antiderivative of

$\int_a^b{3^x\,dx}$

you have to memorize one of those rules

the rule for 3^x would be ln3 x 3^x

dx/dy[a^x]=(lna)a^x

so then use the fundamental calculus theorem and plug it in [(ln3)3^x] from b to a