Question states "The Cartesian equation of the plane containing the line x=3t, y=1+t, z=2-t and passing through the point (-1,2,1) is?"
I know I need to get the vector normal from the parametric equations, but I don't know how to do this, and than apply the relationship
n.(r-r0)= 0
ie <n1,n2,n3> . <x-(-1), y-2, z-1 > = 0
So I think the biggest problem I have is trying to work out the vector normal from the parametric
i wrote the line in its vector form. then i took the direction vector. since the line is in the plane, the direction vector is parallel to the plane. thus, we need to find a vector orthogonal to that vector. so it is a vector where its dot product with the direction vector gives zero. since the dot product of orthogonal vectors gives 0
now find a, b, and c for which that works and you are done
Yes I knew how to find a orthogonal vector in 2 dimension by that method , however I didn't know how to find one easily in 3 dimensions.
From what I understood I did this to find a orthogonal vector.
<1,1,c> . <3,1,-1> =0
giving C = 4
so vector normal is < 1,1,4>
thus <1,1,4> . < x-(-1), y-2, z-1 > =0
giving x+y+4z = 5 but this still is not the answer.
The answer given is y+z=3
Am I interpreting this incorrectly?
i would think that both answers are correct. but anyway, new plan.
find the normal vector the hard way, that is, using cross-products.
we know the direction vector of the line, and that is one vector in the plane. if we find another vector in the plane (not parallel to the first), we can take the cross product of that vector and the said direction vector, and get the vector orthogonal to the plane.
first, note that the point (-1,2,1) is not on the line. so pick a point on the line, say when t = 0, we have the point (0, 1, 2). so another vector in the plane we want is <0 - (-1), 1 - 2, 2 - 1> = <1,-1,1>
now the normal vector is
now continue, you will get the same answer
use this procedure from now on, forget that picking random numbers foolishness
When t= 0, x= 3(0)= 0, y= 1+0= 1, and z= 2-0= 2 so A= (0, 1, 2) is a point in the plane. When t= 1, x= 3(1)= 3, y= 1+1= 2, and z= 2-1= 1 so B= (3, 2, 1) is also in the plane. You are told that C= (-1, 2, 1) is in the plane. Find the vectors AB and AC and take their cross product to find the normal vector.