Percent Error (Simple Problem?)
Hi, I'm new here, but I was looking for some help with a Calc problem and here I am. Odd thing about this problem is we worked it out in class, but when checking the answer it seems wrong. I talked to my calc teacher and she's stumped too, so can anyone see what's wrong here?
A surveyor is standing 50 feet from the base of a tree. He measures his angle of elevation to the top of the tree is 71.5 degrees. How accurately must he measure his angle of elevation to measure the within a 6% error.
This is what I did. Set up a triangle and get
Differentiating the equation I wind up with
Because we want dh/h to be less than 6% I set dh = .06h
A little algebra gives me :
Cancelling the 50's and converting the
Exact height at 71.5 degrees would come out to be 149.4342.
Plugging in 71.5 my da comes out to be roughly .0181
At first I thought this was degrees which gives no where near a 6% differences in the height. Then I thought it was radians. Converting .0181 from radians to degrees gives 1.03 degree difference. Applying this gives a 6.3% difference in height.. which is close, but it's still over my tolerance.
I know it's rubbish but i did discover that 1 - .0181 = .9819 which added to my 71.5 degrees and applied to the height equation gives me the 6% exactly, but I can't think of any logical reason I would want to subtract my result from 1.
Any help on this (admittedly long winded) post would be greatly appreciated. Thanks.