# Thread: Help with indefinite integral substitution

1. ## Help with indefinite integral substitution

I'm having trouble figuring out the substitution for $\int \frac {5-2\sqrt{x}}{x^3}\frac d{dx}$.

I tried $u=x^3$ and $u=5-2\sqrt{x}$, but those don't seem to lead me anywhere.

2. I assume you mean this:

$\int \frac{5 - 2\sqrt{x}}{x^3} \, dx$

Use the old single term in the denominator trick.

$\int \frac{5}{x^3} - \frac{2}{x^{5/2}} \, dx$ is a lot easier to work with.

3. What about $\int \frac{x}{x^4+1} \, dx$?

4. Originally Posted by diablo2121
What about $\int \frac{x}{x^4+1} \, dx$?
This fits a pattern. Look at it as:

$\int\frac{du}{(a^2 + u^2)}$

That fits the pattern for arctan, so:

u = x^2

du = 2xdx

a = 1

You have to accomodate for the 2 in 2xdx, so:

$\frac{1}{2}\int\frac{2xdx}{1+x^4}$

therefore, the basic integral is:

$\frac{1}{a}\arctan\frac{u}{a}+C$

So from there on it is plugging in numbers! You have to learn these patterns so read up!