$\displaystyle \int_{1}^{2} 1/(x+1)^2 \: dx$

not sure how to solve an integral with a quantity squared in the denominator. I'm new to integration. do you foil the bottom or rewrite it as (x+1)^-2? or what?

thanks

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- Aug 8th 2008, 04:40 PMmojo0716How do you solve this integral?
$\displaystyle \int_{1}^{2} 1/(x+1)^2 \: dx$

not sure how to solve an integral with a quantity squared in the denominator. I'm new to integration. do you foil the bottom or rewrite it as (x+1)^-2? or what?

thanks - Aug 8th 2008, 04:44 PMChris L T521
- Aug 8th 2008, 04:46 PMmojo0716
- Aug 8th 2008, 04:52 PMmojo0716
The solution manual has it like this, though, and I wonder what they did? Looks like they didn't use any substitution.

$\displaystyle \int_{1}^{2} 1/(x+1)^2 \: dx$ = (-1/(x+1)) from 1 to 2

after that I know what to do, but I don't know how they got = (-1/(x+1)) from 1 to 2

thanks - Aug 8th 2008, 05:01 PMChris L T521
There way is correct, and so is mine.

When we integrate $\displaystyle \frac{1}{(x+1)^2}$, we still need to apply a substitution.

The integral would become $\displaystyle \int\frac{\,du}{u^2}=-\frac{1}{u}$

What they did was re-substitute u back into the antiderivative:

$\displaystyle -\frac{1}{u}=-\frac{1}{x+1}$, and then they evaluated from 1 to 2.

However, the way I did it, I eliminated the need to re-substitute u back into the equation.

I did this when I converted the integration limits.

Since $\displaystyle u=x+1$ and the x limits of integration were from 1 to 2, I saw that the u limits would be from $\displaystyle u=1+1=\color{red}\bold 2$ to $\displaystyle u=2+1=\color{red}\bold 3$

So when you evaluate, we see that

$\displaystyle \int_1^2\frac{\,dx}{(x+1)^2}=\int_2^3\frac{\,du}{u ^2}=\color{red}\boxed{\frac{1}{6}}$

I hope this clarified things! If you have questions, feel free to ask. We're here to help you!

--Chris - Aug 8th 2008, 05:09 PMmojo0716
- Aug 8th 2008, 05:13 PMticbol