for the first one, it just follows directly from by taking the definite integrals in all parts (since integral preserves the direction of the inequality). Also note that constants can go out of the integral sign.
for the second part, since , the inequality does not change i.e. and you can take the integrals.
the next two are applications.. you can do it.
First apply parts to get,
[That is because since as ]
We claim
First observe that
So
Thus claim proved by sandwich theorem...
So
EDIT: I realised this halfway through... My proof is incomplete... I assumed (1) f is differentiable (2) f'(x) > 0.... Let me think about it a little more....
as i have said, the questions are just applications of the previous.
note that, is continuous in a closed and bounded interval, then you can use Maximum-Minimum theorem, that is is also bounded. Also, is integrable.
Let be real numbers such that for . Applying the first and second facts, we have (since )
i just wonder if it equal or unless