Hello, Iskarius!
A jet of water in a backyard is of parabolic shape.
It starts 3 metres above the ground and just passes over the top of a tree
that is 5 metres high and is a distance of 2 metres horizontally from the starting point.
The jet of water strikes the surface of a flower bed at ground level
at a distance of 8 metres horizontally from the starting point.
A) Which of the following equations (in which a, b, c are constants) models the jet of water?
The path is a parabola, hence its equation is a quadratic (second-degree).
Since are cubic functions and is a straight line,
. . the answer is the only quadratic: .
B) Use answer from part A to determine the values of a, b, and c.
Hence, state the equation of the path traced out by the jet of water.
Place the base of the tree at the origin and the graph looks like this: Code:
| *
(0,5)o *
* | *
* | *
(-2,3)o | *
| |
--+-----+--------------o--
-2 0 (6,0)
The general equation is: .
Since is on the graph, we have:
. .
The function (so far) is: .
Since is on the graph, we have:
. .
Since is on the graph, we have:
. .
Solve this system of equation and we get: .
Therefore, the equation is: .
C) Find out how far the jet of water rises above the ground.
The graph is a down-opening parabola; its highest point is at its vertex.
The vertex of the parabola is at: .
Our parabola has:
Its vertex is at: .
Therefore, the maximum height is:
. . metres.
D) Find the angle of the jet to the horizontal at the starting point.
We need Calculus for this part . . .
The derivative is: .
At , the slope of the tangent line is: .
Therefore: .