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Thread: Calculus Old Quiz Problems Help

  1. #1
    Sep 2018

    Calculus Old Quiz Problems Help

    1. Let R be the region bounded by the graphs of y= sinx and y = 1 - sinx on (pi/6, 5pi/6)
    Use the washer or disk method to set up (but do not evaluate) an integral that will determine the volume of the solid obtained by revolving R about the line y=3

    2. Use calculus determine volume of the solid generated when R is revolved around the x-axis?

    Let R be the region bounded by x=y^2 -4y + 4 and the vertical lines x=0 and x=1.

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  2. #2
    MHF Contributor
    Nov 2010

    Re: Calculus Old Quiz Problems Help

    1. Use the washer method. The radius of the smaller circle will be:

    $3-\sin x$

    The radius of the larger circle will be:

    $3-(1-\sin x)=2+\sin x$

    2. If you want to use the washer method, you will need to solve for $y$ in terms of $x$. You can also use the cylindrical shell method.

    To use the washer method:


    By the quadratic equation:

    $$y = \dfrac{4 \pm \sqrt{4^2-4(4-x)}}{2} = 2\pm \sqrt{x}$$

    So, our larger radius is $2+\sqrt{x}$ and our smaller radius is $2-\sqrt{x}$. This gives:

    $$\pi \int_0^1 \big[ (2+\sqrt{x})^2 - (2-\sqrt{x})^2\big]dx = \pi \int_0^1 8\sqrt{x}dx = \dfrac{16\pi}{3}$$

    To use the cylindrical shell method, we have $h=y$ and $r=1-x = 1-(y^2-4y+4) = -y^2+4y-3$. Additionally, we need lower and upper bounds for $y$. So, we need to solve

    $$0 = y^2-4y+4$$



    which gives $y=2$ or $y=1,y=3$. We use the latter choice (because it gives both a lower and upper bound).

    So, we have:

    $$\int_1^3 2\pi y (-y^2+4y-3)dy = 2\pi \int_1^3 (-y^3+4y^2-3y)dy = 2\pi\left( -\dfrac{80}{4}+\dfrac{4\cdot 26}{3} - \dfrac{3\cdot 8}{2} \right) = \dfrac{16\pi}{3}$$

    Note: Graphing this is useful to help determine the region that is bounded. Without graphing, I would not have known that the radius of each shell was $1-x$.
    Last edited by SlipEternal; Sep 20th 2018 at 11:39 AM.
    Thanks from topsquark and HallsofIvy
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