# Thread: Some Computation questions I dont undertstand

1. ## Some Computation questions I dont undertstand

1. Let f: R --> R be defined by f(x) = x^2 - 2. Find f([-3,3]) and f^-1([-3,3]).

2. For the infinite series sigma k=1 to infinity (1/3)^k find s1,s2, and s3.

3. Find an example of a sequence (if possible) that contains subsequences converging to each number in the set {1,1/2,1/4,1/8,...}

4. Suppose that {sn} = {2/n^2} is the sequence of partial sums ofr the series sigma k=1 to infinity ak. Find a1,a2,a3

Can someone please explain to me and steer me in the right direction

thank you.

2. ## Re: Some Computation questions I dont undertstand

Originally Posted by aris27
1. Let f: R --> R be defined by f(x) = x^2 - 2. Find f([-3,3]) and f^-1([-3,3]).

2. For the infinite series sigma k=1 to infinity (1/3)^k find s1,s2, and s3.

3. Find an example of a sequence (if possible) that contains subsequences converging to each number in the set {1,1/2,1/4,1/8,...}

4. Suppose that {sn} = {2/n^2} is the sequence of partial sums ofr the series sigma k=1 to infinity ak. Find a1,a2,a3

Can someone please explain to me and steer me in the right direction
Can you explain why $f[-3,3])=[-2,7]~?$
If you want more help, show us some work.

3. ## Re: Some Computation questions I dont undertstand

Originally Posted by Plato
Can you explain why $f[-3,3])=[-2,7]~?$
If you want more help, show us some work.
P.S. $f^{-1}([-3,3])=[-\sqrt5,\sqrt5]$

4. ## Re: Some Computation questions I dont undertstand

The graph of $y= x^2- 2$ is a parabola opening upward with vertex at (0, -2) and x-intercepts $(\sqrt{2}, 0)$ and $(-\sqrt{2}, 0)$. Look at all the points in the interval [-3, 3] on the x-axis. What points on the y-axis are those mapped into? You can think of this as "from each point on the x-axis, go straight up (or down) from the x-axis to the corresponding point on the graph then straight left or right to the y-axis. Of course, both -3 and 3 are mapped to 9- 2= 7 but the points between are mapped to points from the minimum y value, -2, up to that 7.

For the inverse, look at the points on the interval [-3, 3] on the y-axis. What values on the x-axis are they mapped to? Now, you go from a point on the y-axis straight left or right to the corresponding point on the graph, then up or down to the x-axis. Of course, there is no graph lower than y= -2 so the points from y= -2 to y= -3 correspond to NO points on the graph and so no points on the x-axis. For the points from -2 up to 3 you can go both left and right the "right-most" (and left-most) points coming when $y= x^2- 2= 3$ so $x^2= 5$ giving Plato's $-\sqrt{5}$, $\sqrt{5}$.

For the second problem, I think that " $s_1$", " $s_2$", and " $s_3$", refer to the "partial sums". Surely that was given in the problem? If that is correct then $s_1$ is just the value for k= 1, $s_2$ is the sum of the values for k= 1 and k= 2, and $s_3$ is the sum for k= 1, 2, and 3. Once you know the definitions, that is easy arithmetic.

For the fourth problem, can you think of a sequence that converges to 1? What about a sequence that converges to 1/2? Find a sequence that converges to each of 1, 1/2, 1/4, ... and put them together to make a single sequenc
The fifth problem is the "opposite" of the second problem. For the series $\sigma a_k$, $s_1= a_1$, $s_2= a_1+ a_2$, and $s_3= a_1+ a_2+ a_3$. You are told that $s_k= \frac{2}{n^2}$ so $s_1= \frac{2}{1^2}= 2$, $s_2= \frac{2}{2^2}= \frac{1}{2}$, and $s_3= \frac{2}{3^2}= \frac{2}{9}$. So $a_1= s_1= 2$. Since $s_2= a_1+ a_2$ $a_2= s_2- a_1$ and, since $s_3= a_1+ a_2+ a_3$, $a_3= s_3- a_1- a_2= s_3- (a_1+ a_2)= s_3- s_2$.