You know that,Originally Posted bytttcomrader

At and

You have,

That is,

So the answer is correct,

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As I understand you question about and . Consider a smooth graph with a tangent at a point. You move a certain distance from the point. Two things happen, the change in the function which is and the change in the tangent line , the smaller the change in x or the closer is to . Because if you look at the tangent line you see that it is almost the same value as the curve itself for small distances. As if to say, the tangent consideres the curve as a line on an interval.