
Divergence
Prove that $\displaystyle div \vec{e}=0$ if $\displaystyle e=\frac{\vec{r}}{r^3}$
1. $\displaystyle div\vec{e}=div\frac{\vec{r}}{r^3}$
2. $\displaystyle =(grad\frac{1}{r^3})\vec{r} + \frac{1}{r^3}div\vec{r}$
3. $\displaystyle =3\vec{r}\frac{1}{r^4}grad{\vec{r}}+\frac{1}{r^3}3$
Here are the first three steps of the solution i have in the book, i know how to go after step three, here is what i can't figure out:
What is done in step 1 that leads to step 2?
Why is $\displaystyle div\vec{r}=3$?

What is $\displaystyle r$?

it's a radivector. Wasn't able to find a right translation of the word. If you don't understand what it is i'll try to explain.

Here is one way to rewrite the notation to avoid confusion.
$\displaystyle R = xi + yj + zk\,\& \,r = \left\ R \right\$.
Now the definition $\displaystyle e = \frac{R}{{r^3 }}$ is a bit easier to understand.
Clearly $\displaystyle \nabla \cdot R = \frac{\partial }{{\partial x}}(x) + \frac{\partial }{{\partial y}}(y) + \frac{\partial }{{\partial z}}(z) = 3$.