I know members on this site expect work or effort to be posted with question. I included my work here. I want to know where I went wrong. See picture.

My Answer: (1/10)*ln|1/9|

Book's Answer: (1/5)*ln 3

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- Mar 17th 2014, 01:01 PMnycmathIntegration Involving Definite Integral
I know members on this site expect work or effort to be posted with question. I included my work here. I want to know where I went wrong. See picture.

My Answer: (1/10)*ln|1/9|

Book's Answer: (1/5)*ln 3 - Mar 17th 2014, 01:20 PMPlatoRe: Integration Involving Definite Integral
Have a look at this.

- Mar 17th 2014, 01:35 PMromsekRe: Integration Involving Definite Integral
I get $\dfrac{1}{25-x^2}=\dfrac{1}{10} \left(\dfrac{1}{x+5}-\dfrac{1}{x-5} \right)$

which integrates to

$\dfrac{1}{10}\ln\left(\left|\dfrac{x+5}{x-5}\right|\right)$ and evaluating

$\dfrac{1}{10}\ln\left(\left|\dfrac{x+5}{x-5}\right|\right) \left|^4_0\right.=\\ \\

\dfrac{1}{10}\ln\left(\left|\dfrac{4+5}{4-5}\right|\right)-\dfrac{1}{10}\ln\left(\left|\dfrac{5}{-5}\right|\right)=\\ \\

\dfrac{1}{10}\ln(9)=\\ \\

\dfrac{1}{10}\ln(3^2)=

\dfrac{1}{5}\ln(3)$

you should have been able to figure this out - Mar 17th 2014, 01:35 PMSlipEternalRe: Integration Involving Definite Integral
$\displaystyle \int \dfrac{dx}{a^2-x^2} = \ln\left|\dfrac{a+x}{a-x} \right| + C$

You flipped the fraction on the RHS.

Your answer should be:

$\dfrac{1}{10}\ln\left(\dfrac{5+4}{5-4}\right) - \dfrac{1}{10}\ln\left(\dfrac{5+0}{5-0}\right) = \dfrac{1}{10}\ln 9$

(Since all values are positive, I am ignoring the absolute value symbols).

Next, using logarithm rules:

$\dfrac{1}{10}\ln 9 = \dfrac{1}{5}\cdot \dfrac{1}{2} \ln 9 = \dfrac{1}{5} \ln 9^{1/2} = \dfrac{1}{5}\ln 3$

Romsek beat me to it. - Mar 17th 2014, 02:04 PMnycmathRe: Integration Involving Definite Integral
Thanks everyone.

However,where did 1/5 come from?

How does (1/10)*ln 9 become (1/5)(1/2)ln9, which then becomes (1/5)*ln(sqrt{9}) leading to the answer (1/5)*ln 3?

What led you to decide that 1/10 should be broken into two fractions (1/5)(1/2)?

The 1/2 infront of ln becomes the exponent of 9, which is the same as the square root of 9. - Mar 17th 2014, 02:19 PMnycmathRe: Integration Involving Definite Integral
In addition, since (1/10)*ln|1/9)| =

(1/5)*ln3, then my original answer is also correct, right? The 3 authors of the book decided to apply log rules to further simplify the answer, right? - Mar 17th 2014, 02:22 PMromsekRe: Integration Involving Definite Integral
yes

though your derivation was a mess. It's a simple application of partial fractions. No substitutions were needed. - Mar 17th 2014, 04:51 PMSlipEternalRe: Integration Involving Definite Integral
No, the OP's answer was wrong:

$\dfrac{1}{10}\ln\left|\dfrac{1}{9}\right| = \dfrac{1}{10}\ln 9^{-1} = -\dfrac{1}{10}\ln 3^2 = -\dfrac{1}{5}\ln 3 \neq \dfrac{1}{5} \ln 3$

nycmath: You used the wrong integral, as I pointed out in my post. That is why you got the wrong answer.

As for why $\dfrac{1}{10}\ln 9 = \dfrac{1}{5}\ln 3$, I broke up the fraction, but that is not needed. You can also do the following:

$\dfrac{1}{10}\ln 9 = \dfrac{1}{10}\ln 3^2 = \dfrac{2}{10}\ln 3 = \dfrac{1}{5}\ln 3$ - Mar 17th 2014, 05:08 PMnycmathRe: Integration Involving Definite Integral
- Mar 17th 2014, 05:11 PMnycmathRe: Integration Involving Definite Integral
Thank you everyone. I have learned so much here. I could not be where I am in my self-study of calculus without your help and guidance.