#1 . You will eventually want to take a derivative, and it is much easier to avoid mistakes with the power rule than with the quotient rule.

Next, multiply it out. Do you remember the FOIL method? It tells you what to multiply. First Outside Inside Last (FOIL) means multiply the first terms: , then the outside terms: then the inside terms: then the last terms: . Add them all together. Then take the derivative and set it equal to zero. Next, take the second derivative and plug in any critical values you found. If the second derivative is positive at that value, you found a local minimum.

#2 I assume you are practicing integration. where is an arbitrary constant. Since you know , you can solve for after you integrate by plugging in for . Then, you integrate again: . You are given , so you can solve for after this second integration by plugging in for .

Note: If then .