I let u=tanx
The answer key let u=sec^2x
Their answer is
It doesn't seem that they could be the same. What did I do wrong?
Both substitutions are correct, the book's substitution would have been easier though.
Your answer was
Although it really isn't intuitive, from there you can use the tangent identity to rewrite your integral as now -1/2 is a constant and any constant plus an arbitrary constant is still an arbitrary constant so your answer becomes
When all else fails, you can always try writing those trig functions in terms of sine and cosine. For this problem it would be
that's a lot more unnecessary work, but it's a surefire way to get an answer